- The planet is named for Venus, the Roman goddess of love.
- To the Teutonic peoples, the planet was known as Frig, the goddess
wife of Woden. Friday (Frigdaeg) is named for her.
- Venus is about the same size as Earth.
- Venus rotates in a retrograde (backward) direction.
- At its closest, Venus is only 42 million kilometers (26 million
miles) from Earth.
- Venus has a thick atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Atmospheric pressure
at the surface is 90 times that of Earth.
- Because Venus is nearer the Sun than Earth and has a very thick
atmosphere, the surface temperature is extremely high, as much as
475° Celsius (900 ° Farenheit).
|Mean distance from the Sun:
||0.7233 AU (108,200,000 km/67,230,000 mi)
|Length of year:
||243 days (retrograde)
|Mean orbital velocity:
||35 km/sec (21.8 mi/sec)
|Inclination of axis:
||12,102 km (7520 mi)
|Number of observed satellites:
|Comparisons with Earth:
|Mean distance from Sun:
||0.723 x Earth's
||0.95 x Earth's
||0.81 x Earth's
||0.9 x Earth's
|| Seeing Through The Clouds || Volcanism
Other Surface Features || A
Global View || Missions To Venus || Mysteries
Venus Facts || Imagery
©2002 National Air and Space Museum