This 1895 Pattern uniform coat was worn by William "Billy" Mitchell while serving with the Signal Corps ca. 1910. Mitchell went on to become the commander of all United States air combat units during World War I. He is best known for his advocacy of air power and his aerial bombing experiment that sank the German battleship "Ostfriesland" in the Chesapeake Bay on July 18, 1921.
When the Navy Airship "U.S.S. Shenandoah" crashed on September 3, 1925, while passing through a thunderstorm killing 14 members of the crew, Mitchell blamed the disaster on the incompetence of Army and Naval leadership. For these statements, Mitchell was court martialed and found guilty of insubordination. He resigned from the military on February 1, 1926.
Donated by Mrs. Thomas Byrd
Date: ca. 1910
Country of Origin: United States of America
Clothing: 73.7 x 55.9 x 5.1cm (29 x 22 x 2 in.)
Wool, brass, cotton, silver
United States Army Signal Corps 1895 Pattern coat; dark blue wool single breasted coat with five concealed buttons down front; gold U.S. Signal Corps insignia on stiff collar; silver wire captain rank insignia on orange felt with gold wire boarder on each shoulder; dark green mohair braid down front, along bottom of the coat and edge of two lower slash pockets.