Pratt & Whitney Double Wasp R-2800 CB16, 2-Row, Radial 18 Engine

Design and development of the Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp was initiated in 1936, and was America’s first 18-cylinder radial. With water injection and turbo-supercharging, the R-2800 produced more than 46 kW/L (1-horsepower/cubic inch). Even though smaller, it was more powerful than the Gnome-Rhone 18L, the world’s only other modern eighteen, but required advanced cooling fins to dissipate the accompanying heat. During World War II, it powered the Grumman F6F Hellcat, Vought F4U Corsair, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, and other combat aircraft. After the War, it was chosen to power the Douglas DC-6 and other airliners.

This R-2800-CB-16 was a commercial engine used on the Douglas DC-6A/-6B, Martin 202A, Martin 404, and Convair 340. By the time production ended in 1960, more than 125,000 R-2800s were produced by Pratt & Whitney and its licensees, one of the largest production runs of any single aircraft engine model.

Gift of United Aircraft Corporation, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Division

Physical Description:
Weight: 1,068 kg (2,350 lb)

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Pratt & Whitney

Date
1955

Location
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC
Exhibition
World War II Aviation

Type
PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary

Dimensions
Diameter 134.1 cm (52.8 in), Length 206.8 cm (81.4 in.)

Design and development of the Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp was initiated in 1936, and was America’s first 18-cylinder radial. With water injection and turbo-supercharging, the R-2800 produced more than 46 kW/L (1-horsepower/cubic inch). Even though smaller, it was more powerful than the Gnome-Rhone 18L, the world’s only other modern eighteen, but required advanced cooling fins to dissipate the accompanying heat. During World War II, it powered the Grumman F6F Hellcat, Vought F4U Corsair, Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, and other combat aircraft. After the War, it was chosen to power the Douglas DC-6 and other airliners.

This R-2800-CB-16 was a commercial engine used on the Douglas DC-6A/-6B, Martin 202A, Martin 404, and Convair 340. By the time production ended in 1960, more than 125,000 R-2800s were produced by Pratt & Whitney and its licensees, one of the largest production runs of any single aircraft engine model.

Gift of United Aircraft Corporation, Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Division

Physical Description:
Weight: 1,068 kg (2,350 lb)

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Pratt & Whitney

Date
1955

Location
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC
Exhibition
World War II Aviation

Type
PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary

Dimensions
Diameter 134.1 cm (52.8 in), Length 206.8 cm (81.4 in.)

ID: A19580058000