Rocket Engine, Liquid Fuel, Orbital Attitude Maneuvering System (OAMS), Gemini
This is a 100-pound thrust Gemini Orbital Attitude Maneuvering System (OAMS) thruster. OAMS thrusters provided the necessary thrust for the U.S. Gemini spacecraft to rendezvous with the Agena target vehicle, controlled the spacecraft in orbit, enabled the separation of the Gemini from the second stage Titan launch vehicle and inserted it into orbit, and provided abort capability. For these functions, the OAMS consisted of 100-pound thrusters to maneuver the craft axially, vertically, and laterally; 85-pound thrust motors for forward and rearward motions; and 25-pound thrust thrusters to control the Gemini craft in its pitch, yaw, and roll axes. The four 100-pound thrusters were situated at equidistant places around the exterior middle of the crew cabin.
Gemini OAMS motors used hypergolic (self-igniting) propellants, which made the system simple and reliable and eliminated the need for a separate igniter. On 24 February 1962, McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, the main contractor to NASA for the Gemini spacecraft, awarded a subcontract to North American Aviation's Rocketdyne Division for the development of the OAMS thrusters. Qualification tests on all the auxiliary Gemini rocket systems were completed in August 1965, and the systems performed satisfactorily in all the Gemini missions until the conclusion of the program in November 1966.
McDonnell Douglas donated this thruster to the Museum in 1968.
Gift of McDonnell Douglas Corporation
- Country of Origin
- United States of America
- Rocketdyne, Division of North American Aviation Co.
- PROPULSION-Rocket Engines
- Overall, stainless steel; nozzle, phenolic; black plastic protective wrappings on ends of both propellant outlet pipes and two yellow protective caps on the ends of the two adjoining curved pipes; nozzle with red plastic protective cover, with clear plastic five-side dessicant container on cover and adjacent white paper sticker.
- Overall: 7 1/2in. x 1ft 4 1/2in. x 4in., 8.5lb. (19.05 x 41.91 x 10.16cm, 3.9kg)