The H-1 liquid-fuel rocket engine was the first stage powerplant of the Saturn 1 and Saturn 1B launch vehicles, precursors to the Saturn V that took men to the Moon in the Apollo program. The Saturn 1 and Saturn 1B were each fitted with eight H-1 engines in their first stages. The engine used RP-1 (kerosene) and liquid oxygen. The model shown here may be the second variation which produced 188,000 pounds of thrust. The Saturn 1 first flew in 1961 while the last Saturn 1B was flown in 1975 for the low-Earth orbit Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. This cutaway version of the engine was transferred to the Smithsonian in 1970 from the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center.
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration