Lunar Lander, Surveyor, Crushable Blocks

Lunar Lander, Surveyor, Crushable Blocks

     

These are back-up aluminum honey-combed crushable landing pads that rested at the end of three shock-absorber legs attached to the frame of the Surveyor spacecraft, which went to the Moon in the 1960s. Although not flown to the Moon, they are identical to those on the five Surveyor soft-landing spacecraft that successfully reached the Moon during the period from May 30, 1966 to January 9, 1968. The overall objectives of the Surveyor program were to accomplish soft landings on the Moon, obtain data concerning temperature, chemical composition, and load-bearing characteristics of the lunar soil in support of the Apollo program, televise high quality photographs of the lunar surface, and perform operations on the lunar surface that would contribute new scientific knowledge about the Moon.

The Hughes Aircraft Company donated these to the Museum in 1973.

Gift of Hughes Aircraft Company

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Hughes Aircraft Co.

Type
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned-Parts & Structural Components

Materials
Fiberglas, Aluminum, Paint, Adhesive, Phenolic Resin
Dimensions
Approximate (each block): 22.86 x 19.69cm (9in. x 7 3/4in.)

Surveyor (1966-1968)

The Surveyor probes were the first U.S. spacecraft to land safely on the Moon. The main objectives of the Surveyors were to obtain close-up images of the lunar surface and to determine if the terrain was safe for manned landings. Each Surveyor was equipped with a television camera. In addition, Surveyors 3 and 7 each carried a soil mechanics surface sampler scoop which dug trenches and was used for soil mechanics tests and Surveyors 5, 6, and 7 had magnets attached to the footpads and an alpha scattering instrument for chemical analysis of the lunar material. The following Surveyor missions took place.

Surveyor 1

Launched 30 May 1966

Landed 02 June 1966, 06:17:37 UT

Latitude 2.45 S, Longitude 316.79 E - Flamsteed P

Surveyor 2

Launched 20 September 1966

Crashed on Moon 22 September 1966

Vernier engine failed to ignite - southeast of Copernicus Crater

Surveyor 3

Launched 17 April 1967

Landed 20 April 1967, 00:04:53 UT

Latitude 2.94 S, Longitude 336.66 E - Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms)

Surveyor 4

Launched 14 July 1967

Radio contact lost 17 July 1967

2.5 minutes from touchdown - Sinus Medii

Surveyor 5

Launched 08 September 1967

Landed 11 September 1967, 00:46:44 UT

Latitude 1.41 N, Longitude 23.18 E - Mare Tranquillitatus (Sea of Tranquility)

Surveyor 6

Launched 07 November 1967

Landed 10 November 1967, 01:01:06 UT

Latitude 0.46 N, Longitude 358.63 E - Sinus Medii

Surveyor 7

Launched 07 January 1968

Landed 10 January 1968, 01:05:36 UT

Latitude 41.01 S, Longitude 348.59 E - Tycho North Rim

These are back-up aluminum honey-combed crushable landing pads that rested at the end of three shock-absorber legs attached to the frame of the Surveyor spacecraft, which went to the Moon in the 1960s. Although not flown to the Moon, they are identical to those on the five Surveyor soft-landing spacecraft that successfully reached the Moon during the period from May 30, 1966 to January 9, 1968. The overall objectives of the Surveyor program were to accomplish soft landings on the Moon, obtain data concerning temperature, chemical composition, and load-bearing characteristics of the lunar soil in support of the Apollo program, televise high quality photographs of the lunar surface, and perform operations on the lunar surface that would contribute new scientific knowledge about the Moon.

The Hughes Aircraft Company donated these to the Museum in 1973.

Gift of Hughes Aircraft Company

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Hughes Aircraft Co.

Type
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned-Parts & Structural Components

Materials
Fiberglas, Aluminum, Paint, Adhesive, Phenolic Resin
Dimensions
Approximate (each block): 22.86 x 19.69cm (9in. x 7 3/4in.)

Surveyor (1966-1968)

The Surveyor probes were the first U.S. spacecraft to land safely on the Moon. The main objectives of the Surveyors were to obtain close-up images of the lunar surface and to determine if the terrain was safe for manned landings. Each Surveyor was equipped with a television camera. In addition, Surveyors 3 and 7 each carried a soil mechanics surface sampler scoop which dug trenches and was used for soil mechanics tests and Surveyors 5, 6, and 7 had magnets attached to the footpads and an alpha scattering instrument for chemical analysis of the lunar material. The following Surveyor missions took place.

Surveyor 1

Launched 30 May 1966

Landed 02 June 1966, 06:17:37 UT

Latitude 2.45 S, Longitude 316.79 E - Flamsteed P

Surveyor 2

Launched 20 September 1966

Crashed on Moon 22 September 1966

Vernier engine failed to ignite - southeast of Copernicus Crater

Surveyor 3

Launched 17 April 1967

Landed 20 April 1967, 00:04:53 UT

Latitude 2.94 S, Longitude 336.66 E - Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms)

Surveyor 4

Launched 14 July 1967

Radio contact lost 17 July 1967

2.5 minutes from touchdown - Sinus Medii

Surveyor 5

Launched 08 September 1967

Landed 11 September 1967, 00:46:44 UT

Latitude 1.41 N, Longitude 23.18 E - Mare Tranquillitatus (Sea of Tranquility)

Surveyor 6

Launched 07 November 1967

Landed 10 November 1967, 01:01:06 UT

Latitude 0.46 N, Longitude 358.63 E - Sinus Medii

Surveyor 7

Launched 07 January 1968

Landed 10 January 1968, 01:05:36 UT

Latitude 41.01 S, Longitude 348.59 E - Tycho North Rim

ID: A19731144000