Satellite, Explorer 11, Test Unit

Explorer XI, launched on April 27, 1961, by a Juno II rocket, was NASA's first fully dedicated gamma-ray satellite. The satellite was built under a contract overseen by the Marshall Space Flight Center who also supplied the supporting electronic equipment. It carried a gamma-ray telescope built at MIT by W. Kraushaar and G. Clark, and was designed to detect gamma radiation above 50 MeV. During a period of just over 23 days in orbit it detected 22 true gamma-ray events as well as 22,000 events due to charged cosmic rays. The artifact in the collection is one of two backup-up satellites.

NASA transferred this to the Museum in 1975.

Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Boeing Aerospace Company

Type
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned

Materials
aluminum, steel, Stainless Steel, Magnesium, glass, Paint, plastic, Acrylic (Plexiglas), Adhesive, Rubber (Silicone), Copper, brass, Phenolic Resin ,Composite, Epoxy, Synthetic Fabric
Shell - aluminum alloy
Solar cells - silicon
Dimensions
Approximate: 45.72 x 110.49 x 45.72cm (1ft 6in. x 3ft 7 1/2in. x 1ft 6in.)

Explorer XI, launched on April 27, 1961, by a Juno II rocket, was NASA's first fully dedicated gamma-ray satellite. The satellite was built under a contract overseen by the Marshall Space Flight Center who also supplied the supporting electronic equipment. It carried a gamma-ray telescope built at MIT by W. Kraushaar and G. Clark, and was designed to detect gamma radiation above 50 MeV. During a period of just over 23 days in orbit it detected 22 true gamma-ray events as well as 22,000 events due to charged cosmic rays. The artifact in the collection is one of two backup-up satellites.

NASA transferred this to the Museum in 1975.

Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Boeing Aerospace Company

Type
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned

Materials
aluminum, steel, Stainless Steel, Magnesium, glass, Paint, plastic, Acrylic (Plexiglas), Adhesive, Rubber (Silicone), Copper, brass, Phenolic Resin ,Composite, Epoxy, Synthetic Fabric
Shell - aluminum alloy
Solar cells - silicon
Dimensions
Approximate: 45.72 x 110.49 x 45.72cm (1ft 6in. x 3ft 7 1/2in. x 1ft 6in.)

ID: A19761110000