Communications Satellite, Westford

Communications Satellite, Westford

     

Launched by the U.S. Army in 1958, the Westford satellite used a unique concept to test the new undertaking of satellite communications from space. Once in space, a dispenser via a spring mechanism pushed a canister, packed with thousands of tiny needles (dipoles), into orbit. The needles in the canister slowly separated and formed a ring around the Earth. Antennas on the ground bounced radio signals off the ring of needles to communicate.

The museum's satellite is a prototype; this artifact is part of the power unit.

Transferred from the National Museum of American History to the Museum in 2004.

Transferred from the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lincoln Laboratory

Type
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned-Instruments & Payloads

Materials
Aluminum, copper, plastic
Dimensions
Overall: 7 in. high x 4 3/4 in. wide x 16 in. long, 12 lb. weight (17.78 x 12.07 x 40.64 cm, 5.4 kg)

Launched by the U.S. Army in 1958, the Westford satellite used a unique concept to test the new undertaking of satellite communications from space. Once in space, a dispenser via a spring mechanism pushed a canister, packed with thousands of tiny needles (dipoles), into orbit. The needles in the canister slowly separated and formed a ring around the Earth. Antennas on the ground bounced radio signals off the ring of needles to communicate.

The museum's satellite is a prototype; this artifact is part of the power unit.

Transferred from the National Museum of American History to the Museum in 2004.

Transferred from the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lincoln Laboratory

Type
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned-Instruments & Payloads

Materials
Aluminum, copper, plastic
Dimensions
Overall: 7 in. high x 4 3/4 in. wide x 16 in. long, 12 lb. weight (17.78 x 12.07 x 40.64 cm, 5.4 kg)

ID: A20040113003