Wright 6-70, In-line 6 Engine

Wright 6-70, In-line 6 Engine

     

The original Wright brothers engines were vertical, four cylinder types. In 1910, needing a more powerful engine for the Gordon Bennett Cup Race, a single V-8 was built for this major event, apparently using much of the original four cylinder design concept. However, the aircraft and engine were wrecked before the race.

Faced with the problem of providing increased power for production aircraft in 1911, but insisting on their original objective of simplicity, the Wright’s compromise was a vertical six-cylinder engine. The engine incorporated a flexible (rubber band) drive on the flywheel which greatly reduced vibration and considerably extended the life of the chain drive that operated the propellers. The Wright 6-70 powered the Wright Model D aircraft in 1913, and the model designation was derived from the number of cylinders and the horsepower. Originating as a 45 kW (60 hp) model, further development led to an 60 kW (80 hp) version.

Transferred from the Department of the Navy, Bureau of Aeronautics.

Physical Description:
Weight (wet): 159 kg (350 lb)

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Wright Company (Dayton, Ohio)

Date
Circa 1913

Location
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC
Exhibition
Early Flight

Type
PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary

Dimensions
Length 104.1 cm (41.0 in.), Width 38.1 cm (15.0 in.), Height 68.6 cm (27.0 in.)

The original Wright brothers engines were vertical, four cylinder types. In 1910, needing a more powerful engine for the Gordon Bennett Cup Race, a single V-8 was built for this major event, apparently using much of the original four cylinder design concept. However, the aircraft and engine were wrecked before the race.

Faced with the problem of providing increased power for production aircraft in 1911, but insisting on their original objective of simplicity, the Wright’s compromise was a vertical six-cylinder engine. The engine incorporated a flexible (rubber band) drive on the flywheel which greatly reduced vibration and considerably extended the life of the chain drive that operated the propellers. The Wright 6-70 powered the Wright Model D aircraft in 1913, and the model designation was derived from the number of cylinders and the horsepower. Originating as a 45 kW (60 hp) model, further development led to an 60 kW (80 hp) version.

Transferred from the Department of the Navy, Bureau of Aeronautics.

Physical Description:
Weight (wet): 159 kg (350 lb)

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Wright Company (Dayton, Ohio)

Date
Circa 1913

Location
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC
Exhibition
Early Flight

Type
PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary

Dimensions
Length 104.1 cm (41.0 in.), Width 38.1 cm (15.0 in.), Height 68.6 cm (27.0 in.)

ID: A19520103000