Missile, Surface-to-Surface, Loon (JB-2)

The Loon, also called the JB-2 or KUW-1, was an American copy of the German pulsejet-powered V-1 or "Buzz Bomb" of World War II. It was designed to carry a 2,200-pound high explosive warhead to a range of 150 miles and could be launched from the ground, ships, or aircraft. The air-breathing pulsejet motor is the long tube at the rear.

The development of the Loon came too late for use in World War II, and it was not used in combat. However, it provided invaluable experience to U.S. Navy and Army Air Force (and later, Air Force) personnel in the handling of missiles. The Loon was cancelled in 1950. This object was donated to the Smithsonian in 1965 by the U.S. Naval Supply Center.

Transferred from U.S. Navy

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Ford Motor Company

Date
ca. 1944-1950

Location
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, VA
Hangar
Boeing Aviation Hangar

Type
CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets

Materials
Overall, steel; propellant and pressurant spheres, steel; pulsejet tube and motor, steel; piping, aluminum; electrical wires, with transparent plastic insulation; some wires also with red and gray plastic insulation; nose cap, aluminum; warhead section, where number is painted, non-ferrous metal, possibly aluminum.
Dimensions
Overall: 27 ft. long x 19 ft. wing span x 2 ft. 8 in. diameter, 1500 lb. (822.96 x 579.12 x 81.28cm, 680.4kg)

The Loon, also called the JB-2 or KUW-1, was an American copy of the German pulsejet-powered V-1 or "Buzz Bomb" of World War II. It was designed to carry a 2,200-pound high explosive warhead to a range of 150 miles and could be launched from the ground, ships, or aircraft. The air-breathing pulsejet motor is the long tube at the rear.

The development of the Loon came too late for use in World War II, and it was not used in combat. However, it provided invaluable experience to U.S. Navy and Army Air Force (and later, Air Force) personnel in the handling of missiles. The Loon was cancelled in 1950. This object was donated to the Smithsonian in 1965 by the U.S. Naval Supply Center.

Transferred from U.S. Navy

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
Ford Motor Company

Date
ca. 1944-1950

Location
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, VA
Hangar
Boeing Aviation Hangar

Type
CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets

Materials
Overall, steel; propellant and pressurant spheres, steel; pulsejet tube and motor, steel; piping, aluminum; electrical wires, with transparent plastic insulation; some wires also with red and gray plastic insulation; nose cap, aluminum; warhead section, where number is painted, non-ferrous metal, possibly aluminum.
Dimensions
Overall: 27 ft. long x 19 ft. wing span x 2 ft. 8 in. diameter, 1500 lb. (822.96 x 579.12 x 81.28cm, 680.4kg)

ID: A19650127000