Camera, Imager, Viking Mars Lander

Each Viking Lander was equipped with two identical cameras that, unlike conventional cameras, did not use film. Instead, a moveable mirror scanned a vertical segment of the martian scene, and photodetectors recorded the amount of light reflected into the camera. A complete picture, or "image" of the surface was made by completing a vertical scan, and then rotating the camera slightly for the next scan.

This back-up camera was transferred from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory to the Museum in 1981.

Transferred from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
ITEK Corporation

Location
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC
Exhibition
Exploring the Planets

Type
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned-Instruments & Payloads

Materials
Metal, composites, plastics
Dimensions
Overall: 1 ft. 4in. tall x 8 1/2 in. wide, 16 lb. (40.64 x 21.59cm, 7.3kg)

Each Viking Lander was equipped with two identical cameras that, unlike conventional cameras, did not use film. Instead, a moveable mirror scanned a vertical segment of the martian scene, and photodetectors recorded the amount of light reflected into the camera. A complete picture, or "image" of the surface was made by completing a vertical scan, and then rotating the camera slightly for the next scan.

This back-up camera was transferred from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory to the Museum in 1981.

Transferred from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Country of Origin
United States of America

Manufacturer
ITEK Corporation

Location
National Air and Space Museum, Washington, DC
Exhibition
Exploring the Planets

Type
SPACECRAFT-Unmanned-Instruments & Payloads

Materials
Metal, composites, plastics
Dimensions
Overall: 1 ft. 4in. tall x 8 1/2 in. wide, 16 lb. (40.64 x 21.59cm, 7.3kg)

ID: A19810661000