RACING TO SPACEIn the wake of Sputnik in 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower responded to the Soviet challenge and to public concern and excitement by reorganizing the American space effort. One step was to create a new government agency to conduct civilian space exploration. In 1958 congress established the new agency-the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The armed services retained control of separate military space programs.
Prior to the creation of NASA, ongoing studies in aeronautics and space science were conducted under the auspices of the Department of Defense's Advanced Research Project Agency, the Naval Research Laboratory, the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, and the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics. NASA acquired many scientific and technical programs from these agencies after its formation.
National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, as amended by Congress through 1962.
List of Artifacts in the Gallery
Prelude: The Glennan Years
|©National Air and Space Museum|