Smithsonian Air and Space Museum
Apollo to the Moon
Apollo to the Moon

Science

Apollo astronauts had many tasks to perform during their brief moonwalks. They erected scientific equipment and made precise observations of conditions on the lunar surface. The various experiments placed on the surface provided information on seismic, gravitational, and other lunar characteristics. They also collected more than 800 pounds of lunar rock and soil for analysis on Earth. The missions yielded an abundance of new scientific data on the Moon, offering a deeper appreciation of the evolution of our nearest planetary neighbor.

In order to gather diverse information about soil makeup, terrain, and other lunar conditions, each of the six lunar missions landed at a different spot on the Moon. The approximate landing locations of each mission are shown here.

Apollo Landing Spots on Moon
The approximate locations of Apollo 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17 landing spots on the moon.

Buzz Aldrin Sets Up the PSEP

Scientific Experiments

Stations transmitted information about moonquakes and meteor impacts, lunar... Read more

Lunar Television Camera

Photography

Cameras were brought along to document the flight and activities on the moon... Read more

Contingency Soil Sampler

Sampling the Moon

Specialized tools for collecting lunar samples were carried to the Moon in the Lunar... Read more

Lunar Basalt Sample

Lunar Rocks

Perhaps the most dramatic result was returning more than 800 pounds of lunar rock... Read more