Mean distance from Sun: 0.7233 AU
(108,200,000 km/67,230,000 mi) Diameter: 12,102 km (7,520 mi) Length of year:
Rotation period: 243 days (retrograde) Mean orbital velocity: 35 km/sec (21.8 mi/sec) Inclination of axis: 177.3° Number of observed satellites:
Comparisons with Earth Mean distance from Sun: 0.723 x Earth's Diameter: 0.95 x Earth's Mass: 0.81 x Earth's Density: 0.9 x Earth's
The planet is named for Venus, the Roman goddess of love.
To the Teutonic peoples, the planet was known as Frig, the goddess wife of Woden. Friday (Frigdaeg) is named for her.
Venus is about the same size as Earth.
Venus rotates in a retrograde (backward) direction.
At its closest, Venus is only 42 million kilometers (26 million miles) from Earth.
Venus has a thick atmosphere of carbon dioxide. Atmospheric pressure at the surface is 90 times that of Earth.
Because Venus is nearer the Sun than Earth and has a very thick atmosphere, the surface temperature is extremely high, as much as 475° Celsius (900° Farenheit).