N-1 was a three-stage giant, with 30 rocket engines clustered in
the first stage, 8 second-stage engines, and 4 third-stage engines,
plus two single-engine stages for the spacecraft payload. The airframe
was open between stages to vent exhaust, because each upper stage
ignited before the lower one was jettisoned. Propellants for all
stages were kerosene and liquid oxygen.
N-1s were built. Four were destroyed in failed test launches, and
the others were dismantled when the program was canceled in 1974.
1:48 scale model
and donated by David Gianakos
||105 m (347 ft)
|Payload to orbit:
||95,000 kg (209,000
|Payload to Moon:
||30,000 kg (66,000