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Long-range ballistic missiles were not a top priority in the United States immediately after World War II. Until a national policy was clarified in the 1950s, the U.S. armed services competed among themselves to develop missiles. This interservice rivalry led to some early confusion and duplication.

Army Logo
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Army --in addition to the Hermes and Corporal projects, began work on larger rockets, including the Redstone, Juno, and Jupiter, as well as the Nike antiaircraft missile.

Navy Logo
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Navy --developed Aerobee and Viking sounding rockets, as well as smaller ship-to-air and ship-to-ship missiles.

Air Force logo
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Air Force --inherited from the Army Air Forces various industry proposals for long-range missiles. One of these, the MX-774 program, eventually led to the Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile.

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Space Race > Military Origins > Rocket Rivalries > 1-2 >> The Ultimate Weapon

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