Who Were Wilbur and Orville?
1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905
1903
Many, Many Wings
Many Many Wings
Wilbur and Orville conducted preliminary tests on as many as 200 different model wing shapes as they perfected the operation of their wind tunnel. They made formal tests and recorded data on nearly 50 of these.
Wright Wind Tunnel Test Wing Shapes
Model Wing Shapes tested by Wilbur and Orville
Model wings used in the tunnel
These are examples of the model wings the Wright brothers tested in their wind tunnel. They made them from sheet steel using tin shears, a hammer, and a file. The Wrights tested a broad ranges of model wings:
Size averaged 6 to 8 square inches in area.
Curvature ranged from 1 in 6 to 1 in 20.
Profile: airfoils varied from perfect arcs to curves whose high point was far forward.
Shape: included perfect squares, rectangles, ellipses, half-circles, and multi-wing forms.
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