Smithsonian Air and Space Museum

Apollo Astronauts


Buzz Aldrin

Mission
Gemini XII
Apollo 11
Dates
Nov 11-15, 1966
July 16-24, 1969
Role
Pilot
Lunar Module Pilot

Notes
Last Gemini mission
2nd man to walk on the Moon.


William Anders

Mission
Apollo 8
Dates
Dec 21-27, 1968
Role
Lunar Module Pilot
Notes


Neil A. Armstrong

Mission
Gemini VIII
Apollo 11
Dates
March 16, 1966
July 16-24, 1969
Role
Command Pilot
Commander
Notes
 
1st man to walk on the Moon.


Alan L. Bean

Mission
Apollo 12
Skylab 3
Dates
Nov 14-24, 1969
July 28-Sep 25, 1973
Role
Lunar Module Pilot
Commander

Notes


Frank Borman*

Mission
Gemini VII
Apollo 8
Dates
Dec 4-18, 1965
Dec 21-27, 1968
Role
Commander
Commander
Notes
First space rendezvous w/ Gemini VI-A



Eugene Cernan

Mission
Gemini IX-A
Apollo 10
Apollo 17
Dates
July 18-21, 1966
May 18-26, 1969
Dec 7-19, 1972
Role
Pilot
Lunar Module Pilot
Commander
Notes
 
Lunar orbit, closest approach
Last man to walk on the Moon


Roger B. Chaffee

Mission
Apollo 1
Dates
Jan 27, 1967
Role

Notes
Died in Apollo 1 fire


Michael Collins

Mission
Gemini X
Apollo 11
Dates
July 18-21, 1966
July 16-24, 1969
Role
Pilot
Command Module Pilot

Notes
World atlitude record, third U.S. spacewalker.


Charles (Pete) Conrad, Jr.*

Mission
Gemini V
Gemini XI
Apollo 12
Skylab 2
Dates
August 21-29, 1965
Sept 12-15, 1966
Nov 14-24, 1969
May 26-June 22, 1973
Role
Pilot
Commander
Commander
Commander

Notes
First use of fuel cells for electrical power


R. Walter Cunningham

Mission
Apollo 7
Dates
Oct 11-12, 1968
Role
Lunar Module Pilot
Notes
First manned test of CSM, Earth orbit


Charles M. Duke, Jr.

Mission
Apollo 16
Dates
April 16-27, 1972
Role
Lunar Module Pilot

Notes


Donn F. Eisele

Mission
Apollo 7
Dates
Oct 11-12, 1968
Role
Command Module Pilot
Notes
First manned test of CSM, Earth orbit


Ronald B. Evans

Mission
Apollo 17
Dates
Dec 7-19, 1972
Role
Command Module Pilot

Notes


Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom*

Mission
Mercury 4
"Liberty Bell 7"
Gemini 3
Apollo 1
Dates
July 21, 1961

March 23, 1965
Jan 27, 1967
Role
 

Commander
Notes
2nd US citizen in space

First manned Gemini flight
Died in Apollo 1 fire


Richard F. Gordon, Jr.

Mission
Gemini XI
Apollo 12
Dates
Sept 12-15, 1966
Nov 14-24, 1969
Role
 
Command Module Pilot

Notes


Fred W. Haise, Jr.

Mission
Apollo 13
STS Test Flights -
Phase III 1, 3 & 5
Dates
April 11-17, 1970
June-Oct. 1977
Role
Lunar Module Pilot

Notes
 
STS approach and landing test flights. Enterprise released from SCA (Boeing 747) and glided to landing.


James B. Irwin

Mission
Apollo 15
Dates
July 26-Aug 7, 1971
Role
Lunar Module Pilot

Notes


James A. Lovell, Jr.*

Mission
Gemini VII
Gemini XII
Apollo 8

Apollo 13
Dates
Dec 4-18, 1965
Nov 11-15, 1966
Dec 21-27, 1968

April 11-17, 1970
Role
Pilot
Commander
Command Module Pilot
Commander
Notes
First space rendezvous w/ Gemini VI-A
Last Gemini mission

 
Aborted lunar landing mission


James A. McDivitt

Mission
Gemini IV
Apollo 9
Dates
June 3-7, 1965
March 3-13, 1969
Role
Commander
Commander
 


Edgar D. Mitchell

Mission
Apollo 14
Dates
Jan 31 - Feb 9, 1971
Role
Lunar Module Pilot

Notes


Stuart A. Roosa

Mission
Apollo 14
Dates
Jan 31 - Feb 9, 1971
Role
Command Module Pilot

Notes


Walter M. Schirra, Jr.

Mission
Mercury 8 "Sigma 7"
Gemini VI-A
Apollo 7
Dates
Oct 3, 1962
Dec 15-17, 1965
Oct 11-12, 1968
Role
 
Commander
Commander
Notes
5th US citizen in space
First space rendezvous w/ Gemini VII
First manned test of CSM, Earth orbit


Harrison H. Schmitt

Mission
Apollo 17
Dates
Dec 7-19, 1972
Role
Lunar Module Pilot

Notes
First trained scientist (geologist) to set foot on the Moon.


Russell L. Schweickart

Mission
Apollo 9
Dates
March 3-13, 1969
Role
Lunar Module Pilot
 


David R. Scott

Mission
Gemini VIII
Apollo 9

Apollo 15
Dates
March 16, 1966
March 3-13, 1969

July 26-Aug 7, 1971
Role
Pilot
Command Module Pilot
Commander
Notes


Alan B. Shepard, Jr.

Mission
Mercury 3
Freedom 7
Apollo 14
Dates
May 5, 1961

Jan 31 - Feb 9, 1971
Role


Commander
Notes
First US citizen in space.


Thomas P. Stafford*

Mission
Gemini VI-A
Gemini IX-A
Apollo 10
ASTP
Dates
Dec 15-17, 1965
July 18-21, 1966
May 18-26, 1969
July 15-24, 1975
Role
Pilot
Commander
Commander
Commander
Notes
First space rendezvous w/ Gemini VII
 
Lunar orbit, closest approach


John L. Swigert, Jr.

Mission
Apollo 13
Dates
April 11-17, 1970
Role
Command Module Pilot

Notes


Edward H. White, II

Mission
Gemini IV
Apollo 1
Dates
June 3-7, 1965
Jan 27, 1967
Role
Pilot

Notes
First US spacewalk
Died in Apollo 1 fire


Alfred M. Worden

Mission
Apollo 15
Dates
July 26-Aug 7, 1971
Role
Command Module Pilot

Notes


John W. Young

Mission
Gemini 3
Gemini X
Apollo 10

Apollo 16
STS-1
STS-9
Dates
March 23, 1965
July 18-21, 1966
May 18-26, 1969

April 16-27, 1972
April 12-14, 1981
Nov 28 - Dec 8, 1983
Role
Pilot
Commander
Command Module Pilot
Commander
Commander
Commander
Notes
First to use computer on manned space flight

Lunar orbit, closest approach

Lunar landing
Maiden flight of Space Shuttle Columbia
First flight of Spacelab