Mare Tranquillitatis (Sea of Tranquility)
00.67408° N latitude, 23.47297° E longitude
For the first lunar landing, Mare Tranquilitatis was the site chosen because it is a relatively smooth and level area. It does, however, have a high density of craters and in the last seconds before landing, the LM had to be manually piloted by Neil Armstrong to avoid a sharp-rimmed ray crater measuring some 180 meters across and 30 meters deep known as West. The LM landed safely some 6 km from the originally intended landing site.
The Apollo 11 LM landed approximately 400 meters west of West crater and 20km south-southwest of the crater Sabine D in the southwestern part of Mare Tranquilitatis. The lunar surface at the landing site consisted of fragmental debris ranging in size from fine particles to blocks about 0.8 meter wide.
The landing site is 41.5 km north-northeast of the western promontory of the Kant Plateau, which is the nearest highland region. The Surveyor 5 spacecraft is approximately 25 km north-northwest of the Apollo 11 landing site, and the impact crater formed by Ranger 8 is 69 km northeast of the landing site.
From Apollo 11 Preliminary Science Report.
Apollo 11 Landing Site 40 Years Later:
Images captured by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) between July 11 and 15, 2009 show high-resolution views of the Apollo landing sites. Below is the Apollo 11 landing site with the descent stage of the Lunar Module and its shadow indicated by the arrow.