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Caudron G.4

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This object is on display in the Pre-1920 Aviation exhibition station at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center.

Summary

The 1917 French twin-engine Caudron G.4 has great significance as an early light bomber and reconnaissance aircraft. It was a principal type used when these critical air power missions were being conceived and pioneered in World War I. Although fighter aircraft frequently gain greater attention, the most influential role of aviation in the First World War was reconnaissance. The extensive deployment of the Caudron G.4 in this role makes it an especially important early military aircraft. Moreover, despite its speed and armament limitations, the Caudron G.4 was quite reliable, had a good rate of climb, and was pleasant to fly, all characteristics that made it a good training aircraft after its combat effectiveness was reduced. Many Allied pilots received their initial flight training on the Caudron G.4. The NASM Caudron is among the oldest surviving bomber aircraft in the world, and one of the very few remaining multi-engine aircraft from this period.

Transfer from the U.S. War Department.

Manufacturer: Caudron S.A.

Date: 1916-1917

Country of Origin: France

Dimensions: Wingspan: 16.8 m (55 ft 3 in)
Length: 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
Height: 2.5 m (8 ft 3 in)
Weight: Empty, 733 kg (1,616 lb)
Gross, 1,232 kg (2,716 lb)

Materials: Airframe: Wood Covering: Fabric

Physical Description:Twin-engine, two-seat French World War I biplane reconnaissance and bomber aircraft; two 80-horsepower Le Rhone 9C rotary engines. Tan finish overall.

Inventory number: A19190008000

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