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Benoist-Korn Type XII

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This object is on display in the Pre-1920 Aviation exhibition station at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center.


In the spring of 1912 Thomas Wesley Benoist announced the completion of his firm's newest aircraft, the Type XII. It was a two-place tractor biplane, powered by a Roberts six-cylinder, 75-horsepower engine. It was one of the first closed-fuselage tractor airplanes to appear in the United States. Perhaps five Type XII aircraft were produced by the Benoist factory during the next year.

The NASM Benoist Type XII was constructed in the Benoist shop in St. Louis by its purchasers, Edward and Milton Korn. The Korn brothers began work on their airplane in March 1912. It was completed on May 20, and it was flown soon thereafter at Anna, Illinois. During the following year, the Korns performed numerous exhibitions with their Benoist. Most American aircraft produced during this period were close copies of Wright, Curtiss, or European machines. Benoist was one of the very few U.S. firms building and selling original designs in the pioneer era.

Gift of Dr. Edward A. Korn.

Manufacturer: Thomas Wesley Benoist

Date: 1912

Country of Origin: United States of America

Dimensions: Wingspan: 16.9 m (55 ft 5 in)
Length: 7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
Height: 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Weight: approximately 475 kg (1,045 lb)

Materials: Airframe: Wood Covering: Rubberized Fabric

Physical Description:Tractor biplane with one 75-horsepower Roberts 6X six-cylinder engine. When the aircraft was restored, a rubberized finish was applied to the fabric to replicate the original. Over time, the finish has oxidized, resulting in an overall brown color. The photo of the Benoist-Korn with the overall white color shows the airplane as it appeared upon completion of the restoration in 1982, before the oxidation began.

Inventory number: A19500079000

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