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Baldwin "Red Devil"

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This object is on display in the Pre-1920 Aviation exhibition station at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center.

Summary

After making a reputation with lighter-than-air craft, Thomas Scott Baldwin turned to heavier-than-air flying machines in 1909. By 1911 he had built several airplanes and had gained extensive experience as an exhibition pilot. He began testing a new airplane in the spring of 1911. It was similar to the basic Curtiss pusher design that was becoming quite popular with builders by this time, but it was innovative in that it was constructed of steel tubing. It was powered by a 60-horsepower Hall-Scott V-8. Baldwin called his new machine the Red Devil III, and thereafter each of his airplanes would be known as a Baldwin Red Devil. Baldwin built approximately six Red Devils. Most were powered by the Hall-Scott, but Curtiss engines were also occasionally used. By mid-1911, Baldwin was training pilots, taking up passengers, and performing regularly with Red Devil aircraft at air meets. He advertised Red Devils for sale into 1913.

Purchase from Roosevelt Field, Inc.

Manufacturer: Capt. Thomas Scott Baldwin

Date: 1909-1913

Country of Origin: United States of America

Dimensions: Wingspan: 12.8 m (42 ft)
Length: 9.0 m (30 ft)
Height: 2.4 m (8 ft)
Weight: approximately 340 kg (750 lb)

Materials: Airframe: Steel Tubing Covering: Fabric

Physical Description:Pusher biplane with one 50-horsepower Maximotor B-4 four-cylinder engine. Very similar in layout to the Curtiss Model D "Headless Pusher" of the same time period. Fabric covering yellow, airframe red.

Inventory number: A19500094000

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