National Air and Space Museum, Archives Division

Garland Fulton Collection

Accession No. XXXX-0101


NASM ref no. 9A00593

National Air and Space Museum
Smithsonian Institution
Washington, DC

Allan Janus

© Smithsonian Institution, 2003



Biographical Note

Captain Garland Fulton, USN, one of the U.S. Navy's leading proponents of lighter-than-air (LTA) flight, was born in University, Mississippi on May 6, 1890. He was appointed to the U.S. Naval Academy in 1908. His roommate at the Academy was Richard E. Byrd (1888-1957), and another classmate was Donald W. Douglas, later founder of the Douglas Aircraft Company. Serving at the Academy during Fulton's career as a midshipman was Lieutenant Ernest J. King, later head of the Bureau of Aeronautics (BuAer), 1933-1937, and Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet (COMINCH) during World War II. An early advocate of naval aviation, King sparked Fulton's interest in aeronautics. Fulton graduated from the Naval Academy in 1912. Following duty with the fleet, Fulton attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), studying naval architecture and, under Commander (and Dr.) Jerome C. Hunsaker, aeronautical engineering. Fulton received his master's degree in 1916. Fulton entered the Naval Construction Corps in 1915, serving in the Industrial Department at the New York Navy Yard, where, during World War I, he was in charge of mounting guns on armed merchant ships. In May 1918, Fulton asked to be assigned to aeronautical engineering duties in the Aviation Section of the Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair. Fulton transferred to the Bureau of Aeronautics when that organization was founded in 1921. In 1922, now a lieutenant commander, Fulton was sent to Europe to assist in the negotiations for the purchase of the "Reparations Airship" to replace the German rigid airships that had been awarded to the United States by the Versailles Treaty but were destroyed by their crews before transfer to the US. As Inspector of Naval Aircraft (INA), Fulton served at the Zeppelin works (Luftschiffbau-Zeppelin) at Friedrichshafen, Germany during the construction and flight trials of the rigid airship LZ 126. Assigned the service designation ZR-3, the airship was christened the USS Los Angeles upon its delivery to the US Navy at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station, NJ in 1924. Fulton resumed his service at the Bureau of Aeronautics in Washington DC after the completion of Los Angeles. As head of the Bureau's Lighter-Than-Air Design Section until his retirement, Fulton oversaw the design and construction of the USS Akron (ZRS-4) and the USS Macon (ZRS-5), and worked actively to help further the acceptance of large airships in both the Navy and in commerce. Under Fulton's guidance, expansion of the Navy's non-rigid airship (blimp) program was initiated in the years prior to the United States' entry into World War II.

Garland Fulton retired from the Navy with the rank of captain in 1940 and joined the Cramp Shipbuilding Company of Philadelphia as a director. After retirement from Cramps as vice president in charge of engineering in 1947, Fulton served on several corporate boards of directors. In later years, Fulton was a frequent unofficial consultant to the Navy and industry on LTA issues. He continued to correspond with other participants of the airship age, including Admiral Thomas G.W. "Tex" Settle, Admiral C.E. Rosendahl, Commodore George H. Mills (NASM Collection 1994-0022), Jerome C. Hunsaker (NASM Collection XXXX-0001), Karl Arnstein, and F.W. "Willy" von Meister. As the dean of American airshipmen, Fulton frequently served as a source of information to airship historians like Douglas Robinson, Richard Smith, Robin Hingham, and William Althoff. Fulton wrote extensively on LTA and aeronautical history, and planned to write a history of U.S. Naval Aviation until prevented by failing health. Garland Fulton died on October 24, 1974 -- the same day as his friend George Mills. They were buried on the same day in Arlington National Cemetery.




Scope and Content Note

The Garland Fulton Collection consists of material gathered by Captain Garland Fulton, USN (1890-1975), naval officer and proponent of lighter than air (LTA) flight. The collection was originally donated by Fulton's estate to the U.S. Naval Historical Foundation of Washington D.C. in 1979, and was transferred to the National Air and Space Museum as a permanent deposit in 1982. The collection was formally donated to NASM in May of 2000. Comprising 16 cubic feet, the Fulton Papers includes correspondence and memoranda regarding the US Navy's LTA program from the 1920s to the beginnings of the expansion of the Navy's LTA program prior to World War II. There is also extensive material on Naval airship policy, and on defense policy between the world wars. As head of the Lighter-Than-Air Design Section of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Fulton was an insider in the art of defense procurement and spending -- his memoranda and letters provide an illuminating look into defense policy and congressional affairs between the World Wars. Of particular interest is Fulton's correspondence from his service as Inspector of Naval Aircraft during the construction of the USS Los Angeles in Friedrichshafen, Germany, 1922-1924. His correspondence with other leading figures in LTA and naval affairs -- William A. Moffett, Ernest J. King, Jerome Hunsaker, Karl Arnstein, Hugo Eckener, F.W. von Meister, and Charles E. Rosendahl are an invaluable resource of the heroic period of airship development.

The collection also includes technical data on airships, airship design, and naval architecture. There are many photographs, including photos documenting the construction of the Los Angeles.

The collection includes books on lighter-than-air history naval history, and engineering. A number of the books have been transferred to the NASM branch of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries; others were transferred with the permission of the Fulton family to other institutions. Several books with personal inscriptions were retained with the collection.

The collection also includes a series of photographs of airships, including many detailing the construction and first flight of the Los Angeles.

When the NASM Archives received the Garland Fulton Papers from the U.S. Naval Historical Foundation, it was found that a preliminary sort had been made on approximately 25% of the collection. Some of Fulton's correspondence had been filed together, and some subject categories, mainly dealing with LTA topics, had been established. NASM staff kept some of NHF's subject headings and developed other appropriate subjects and performed a thorough sort of the entirety of the collection.

The Garland Fulton Collection is arranged in the following series:

Series I: Personal Files, Correspondence, Fulton's Writings
Subseries 1 Biography, personal papers
Subseries 2 Correspondence
Subseries 3 Papers, articles, and notes by Garland Fulton
Series II: Lighter Than Air (LTA)
Subseries 1 Navy airships; Navy LTA policy and doctrine
Subseries 2 Civilian and foreign airships
Subseries 3 LTA, general
Subseries 4 LTA articles, papers and data
Subseries 5 LTA general publications
Subseries 6 LTA gases
Series III: Aeronautics, general
Series IV: Publications, Papers, Reports, Journals
Subseries 1 Arranged by organization and/or individuals
Subseries 2 Technical papers, reports, journals
Subseries 3 Magazines, journals, papers, reports
Subseries 4 Newspapers, clippings
Series V: US Navy, general
Series VI: Miscellaneous documents
Series VII: Photographs
Series VIII: Books
Series IX: Oversized Material



Series I: Personal Files, Correspondence, Fulton's Writings

This series consists of general biographical material, correspondence, and papers and articles written by Garland Fulton.




Series I
Subseries 1: Biography, personal papers

 
Box  Folder 

1 1 Garland Fulton - biographical papers
2 Navy personnel records
3 Flight log books
4 Family, miscellaneous
5 Cramp Shipbuilding Co., Philadelphia


Series I
Subseries 2: Correspondence

Fulton's correspondence, dating from 1912 to 1974, is arranged chronologically in several groupings. Letters which were found loose in file folders have been kept together. Also included in the collection were several files of dockets of letters and memoranda dating from 1937 to 1941. The dockets were titled with a range of dates, though it was found that the dates of the correspondence did not always match the stated date range. The date range written on the dockets is recorded below in the listings for Box 4, followed by the actual dates of the correspondence in brackets. This is followed by a section of Fulton's memoranda, dating from 1919 to 1959.


Box  Folder 

1 6 Correspondence - 1912-1920
7 Correspondence as Inspector, Naval Aircraft, Friedrichshafen, 1922-1924 [USS Los Angeles construction]
8 Correspondence - 1922
9 Correspondence - 1923
10 Correspondence - 1924
11 Correspondence - 1925
12 Correspondence - 1926

2 1 Correspondence - 1927
2 Correspondence - 1928
3 Correspondence - 1929
4 Correspondence - 1930
5 Correspondence - 1931
6 Correspondence - 1932
7 Correspondence - 1933
8 Correspondence - 1934
9 Correspondence - 1935
10 Correspondence - 1936
11 Correspondence - 1937
12 Correspondence - 1938
13 Correspondence - 1939
14 Correspondence - 1940-1941
15 Correspondence - 1944-1945 [1942-1943 not found]
16 Correspondence - 1946-1954
17 Correspondence - 1955-1958
18 Correspondence - 1959

3 1 Correspondence - 1960
2 Correspondence - 1961
3 Correspondence - 1962
4 Correspondence - 1963
5 Correspondence - 1964
6 Correspondence - 1965
7 Correspondence - 1966
8 Correspondence - 1967
9 Correspondence - 1968
10 Correspondence - 1969-1974

4 1 Correspondence Docket 1, January 1 - December 30, 1938 [Folder 1 of 3] [October 16, 1937 - April 13, 1938]
2 Correspondence Docket 1, January 1 - December 30, 1938 [Folder 2 of 3] [April 19 - August 16, 1938]
3 Correspondence Docket 1, January 1 - December 30, 1938 [Folder 3 of 3] [August 17 - December 30, 1938]
4 Correspondence Docket 2, January 1, 1939 - December 31, 1940 [Folder 1 of 5] [October 21, 1938 - March 24, 1939]
5 Correspondence Docket 2, January 1, 1939 - December 31, 1940 [Folder 2 of 5] [March 25 - September 2, 1939]
6 Correspondence Docket 2, January 1, 1939 - December 31, 1940 [Folder 3 of 5] [September 11, 1939 - March 4, 1940]
7 Correspondence Docket 2, January 1, 1939 - December 31, 1940 [Folder 4 of 5] [March 16 - July 23, 1940]
8 Correspondence Docket 2, January 1, 1939 - December 31, 1940 [Folder 5 of 5] [July 24, 1940 - January 4, 1941]

5 1 Undated Correspondence - C.E. Rosendahl
2 Undated Correspondence
3 Memoranda - 1919-1922
4 Memoranda - 1923-1924
5 Memoranda - 1925
6 Memoranda - 1926
7 Memoranda - 1927
8 Memoranda - 1928-1929
9 Memoranda - 1930-1931
10 Memoranda - 1932-1933
11 Memoranda - 1934-1935
12 Memoranda - 1936-1937

6 1 Memoranda - 1938-1939
2 Memoranda - 1940-1947
3 Memoranda - 1950-1956 [1948-1949 not found]
4 Memoranda - 1959
5 Undated memoranda, notes for the record
6 Naval communications system messages


Series I
Subseries 3: Papers, articles and notes by Garland Fulton

Garland Fulton wrote extensively on airship technical issues during his career with the Bureau of Aeronautics. Following his retirement from the Navy in 1940, he wrote papers and articles on naval and aeronautical history. Also included are the notes he compiled for his writings.


Box  Folder 

6 7 Papers and articles by Garland Fulton [Folder 1 of 4]
8 Papers and articles by Garland Fulton [Folder 2 of 4]

7 1 Papers and articles by Garland Fulton [Folder 3 of 4]
2 Papers and articles by Garland Fulton [Folder 4 of 4]
3 Notes on aeronautics and aeronautical history by Garland Fulton
4 Notes on general LTA history by Garland Fulton
5 Notes on submarines by Garland Fulton
6 Miscellaneous notes by Garland Fulton
7 Garland Fulton's notebooks
8 Notes on The Balloon Almanac, 1786
9 Notes on the use of balloons, Army-Navy war games, 1902
10 Transcripts of balloon mail letters, Siege of Paris, Franco-Prussian War, 1870


Series II: Lighter Than Air (LTA)

Over his naval career and into his retirement, Garland Fulton collected material relating to LTA. Much of it is of from a technical, engineering, and historic perspective, but much material also deals with Naval LTA policy, and in efforts by the leaders of the Navy to influence legislation public policy and legislation favorably for the Navy's airship program.




Series II
Subseries 1: Navy Airships; Navy LTA policy and doctrine

Airship files are arranged alphabetically by the Navy designation.


Box  Folder 

8 1 Navy airships - C-7 - Notes on erection and inflation
2 Navy airships - J-4
3 Navy airships - ZMC-2
4 Navy airships - ZR-1 Shenandoah, general
5 Navy airships - ZR-1 Shenandoah - cost analysis
6 Navy airships - ZR-1 Shenandoah - design notes [Folder 1 of 2]
7 Navy airships - ZR-1 Shenandoah - design notes [Folder 2 of 2]
8 Navy airships - ZR-1 Shenandoah - report on crash, September 3, 1925

9 1 Navy airships - ZR-2
2 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles, general [Folder 1 of 2]
3 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles, general [Folder 2 of 2]
4 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - "Reparation Airship" negotiations, 1920-1922 [Folder 1 of 2]
5 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - "Reparation Airship" negotiations, 1920-1922 [Folder 2 of 2]
6 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - journal notes, office of Inspector, Naval Aircraft, Friedrichshafen , July 6 - December 1, 1922
7 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - technical notes and memos, 1923-1928
8 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - Army notes, 1924
9 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - German report, 1924

10 1 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - report on proposed tests, April 1934
2 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - civil status
3 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - construction
4 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - memos and notes on proposed North Pole flight, 1925
5 Navy airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - portion of gas cell fabric
6 Navy airships - ZRS-4 Akron / ZRS-5 Macon program
7 Navy airships - ZRS-4 Akron / ZRS-5 Macon program - design notes and memoranda
8 Navy airships - ZRS-4 Akron, general [Folder 1 of 3]
9 Navy airships - ZRS-4 Akron, general [Folder 2 of 3]
10 Navy airships - ZRS-4 Akron, general [Folder 3 of 3]
11 Navy airships - ZRS-4 Akron - weight summary, memoranda on excess weight
12 Navy airships - ZRS-4 Akron - crash, April 6, 1933

11 1 Navy airships - ZRS-5 Macon, general [Folder 1 of 4]
2 Navy airships - ZRS-5 Macon, general [Folder 2 of 4]
3 Navy airships - ZRS-5 Macon, general [Folder 3 of 4]
4 Navy airships - ZRS-5 Macon, general [Folder 4 of 4]
5 Navy airships - ZRS-5 Macon - notes, reports, memoranda on fin attachment, 1935
6 Navy airships - ZRS-5 Macon - operating manual, Goodyear-Zeppelin Corp., 1934
7 Navy airships - "Rigid Airship No.6", contract, May 17, 1938

12 1 Navy airships, general
2 Navy airship cost analysis, 1923-1924
3 Navy airship specifications for bids, 1924 & 1938
4 Navy LTA bases, general
5 Navy LTA bases - NAS Lakehurst
6 Navy LTA bases -NAS Sunnyvale [Moffett]
7 Navy LTA bases - report on siting LTA bases
8 Navy LTA expansion & airship procurement, 1936-1940
9 Navy LTA personnel
10 Navy non-rigid airship casualty statistics, 1942-1945
11 Navy non-rigid airship manual, 1920
12 Navy non-rigid airship patrols, January-February 1940

13 1 Navy - USS Patoka - airship mooring instructions
2 Navy - Rigid Airship Manual, 1927
3 Navy - "Training airship" concept and specifications
4 Navy - training material for airship aviators [Folder 1 of 2]
5 Navy - training material for airship aviators [Folder 2 of 2]
6 Navy - transcripts from Congressional hearings on Navy LTA policy [Folder 1 of 3]

14 1 Navy - transcripts from Congressional hearings on Navy LTA policy [Folder 2 of 3]
2 Navy - transcripts from Congressional hearings on Navy LTA policy [Folder 3 of 3]
3 Navy - LTA policy - legislation, investigations, appropriations [Folder 1 of 3]
4 Navy - LTA policy - legislation, investigations, appropriations [Folder 2 of 3]
5 Navy - LTA policy - legislation, investigations, appropriations [Folder 3 of 3]
6 Navy - Airship policy and doctrine


Series II
Subseries 2: Civilian and foreign airships

This subseries includes civilian and foreign airships and airship proposals arranged by manufacturer or designer.


Box  Folder 

15 1 Aereon III drawings
2 American Cellular Dirigible Air-Ship [Simeon Trent]
3 American Investigation Corp.
4 American Zeppelin Transport, Inc.
5 Army - RS-1 flight report, October 1928
6 Army - TC-13, TC-14 - operations
7 Connecticut Aircraft Co. - DN-1 and general
8 De Bausset "Arctic Explorer" concept, 1888
9 Dupuy de Lome airship, 1872
10 General Development Corp., 1956
11 Goodyear airship operations, 1937
12 Goodyear, general
13 International Zeppelin Transport Corp. - outline of operating plan, 1930
14 Metalclad Airship Corp.
15 Munk airship control proposal, 1940
16 Nederlandsche Luchtschip Reederij [Netherlands Airship Company]
17 Pacific Zeppelin Transport Co. Ltd., 1931

16 1 Parseval-Natz PN.30 Airship
2 R.26
3 R.33
4 R.100, R.101 engine development
5 R.100
6 R.101 crash - report of the court of inquiry, 1930
7 R.101, general
8 Respess Airship
9 Schütte-Lanz vs. Zeppelin patents dispute, 1923
10 Schütte-Lanz patents status, 1930
11 Schütte-Lanz, general
12 Slate Airship
13 Strauss Bascule Bridge Co. - proposed rigid airship framework design, 1925
14 Transatlantisches-Luftschiff-Verkehrssyndiktat LRö I [Luftschiff Rösler I]
15 Virginia Airship Co.

17 1 Wilder (Lawrence) - airship design proposal, 1928
2 Zeppelin, general
3 Zeppelin, general - ephemera [timetables, baggage labels]
4 Zeppelin, general - publications
5 Zeppelin commercial service
6 Zeppelin - maneuvering commands cards
7 Zeppelin - permit to operate airships in US, 1938
8 Zeppelin - request to US for helium allotment, 1937
9 Zeppelin - LZ 4 [report with photographs]
10 Zeppelin - LZ 114 [Navy L 72; surrendered to France, renamed Dixmude]
11 Zeppelin - LZ 120 Bodensee and LZ 121 Nordstern - report
12 Zeppelin - LZ 120 Bodensee
Zeppelin - LZ 126 - see under Navy ZR-3 Los Angeles

18 1 Zeppelin - LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin
2 Zeppelin - LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin flight reports, 1932-1934
3 Zeppelin - LZ 128 design notes
4 Zeppelin - LZ 129 Hindenburg, general [Folder 1 of 2]
5 Zeppelin - LZ 129 Hindenburg, general [Folder 2 of 2]
6 Zeppelin - LZ 129 Hindenburg report by LCDR George H. Mills; also includes flight reports on LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin, 1934
7 Zeppelin - LZ 129 Hindenburg tickets, timetables, menus, passenger list
8 Zeppelin - LZ 129 Hindenburg wreck, May 6, 1937 - accident investigation reports
9 Zeppelin - LZ 130 Graf Zeppelin II
10 Zodiac airships catalogue


Series II
Subseries 3: LTA General

This subseries includes material on more general aspects of LTA. The subseries is arranged with airship topics first, followed by balloon topics, LTA in general, and LTA materials. Individual papers and collections of papers on LTA subjects will be found in the following Subseries 4.


Box  Folder 

19 1 Aircraft/airship hook-on experiments
2 Airship activities, World War I [Folder 1 of 2]
3 Airship activities, World War I [Folder 2 of 2]
4 Airship activities, World War I - German airship losses
5 Airship costs analysis
6 Airship handling and mooring, general
7 Airship handling and mooring - mooring masts
8 Airship hangers, general
9 Airship hangers - proposed Baltimore airship hanger, 1936

20 1 Airship motors, general
2 Airship motors - Beardmore Diesel Airship Engine
3 Airship navigation
4 Airship patents
5 Airship transport systems studies
6 Airships - British airships, general
7 Airships - commercial airship operations
8 Airships - nuclear powered airships
9 Airships - rigid airship papers, data
10 Airships - Soviet airships, general
11 Airships - water recovery designs for airships
12 Balloons - Aero Club of Pennsylvania, meetings minutes, 1911-1913
13 Balloons - barrage balloons
14 Balloons - Explorer I and II flights, 1034-1935
15 Balloons - kite, captive balloons
16 Balloons - Raven Vulcoon
17 LTA - design and construction
18 LTA - lighter than air vs. heavier than air analysis
19 LTA materials - Duralumin and aluminum alloys
20 LTA materials - gas cell material and airship fabrics
21 LTA research - University of Akron grant application [nd]


Series II
Subseries 4: LTA papers, articles, and data

This subseries includes both individual papers and collections of papers and articles on aspects of LTA. Files are arranged alphabetically by title or description, followed by general topics.


Box  Folder 

21 1 Airship Construction: the Zeppelin Airship - W.E. Dörr [nd; c.1923]
2 Airships as a Means of Transportation with Special Reference to the Points which Effect their Practicality - Walther Leyensetter, 1919
3 Airships in Naval Warfare - Helmut Beelitz [nd]
4 American and German Airship Operating Technique - compiled by NAS Lakehurst officers, 1935
5 Large Airships in Peace and in War - Jean du Plessis [nd]
6 Search plans for a ZRCV: a Discussion of the Scouting Potential of the Rigid Airship Plane Carrier - CDR R.G. Kopff, USNR, 1945
7 Study of Lighter Than Aircraft Application and a Proposed Program for Organization and Development - Air Corps Material Division report, 1937
8 Papers by Karl Arnstein, Goodyear-Zeppelin Corp., 1929-'38
9 Papers by Hugo Eckener, Deutsche Zeppelin Reederei, 1925-'38

22 1 Speeches, papers and articles by ADM William A. Moffett, 1920-'32
2 Speeches, papers and articles by ADM C.E. Rosendahl, 1927-'62
3 Daniel Guggenheim Airship Institute papers, 1933-'35

23 1 Special Committee on Airships [Durand Committee] reports, 1935-1936 [Folder 1 of 2]
2 Special Committee on Airships [Durand Committee] reports, 1935-1936 [Folder 2 of 2]
3 Airship design wind tunnel tests report [nd]
4 Airship technical drawings
5 German LTA technical data
6 Technical comparisons of airships

24 1 LTA technical publications
2 LTA technical reports and data
3 LTA papers, articles, speeches [Folder 1 of 2]
4 LTA papers, articles, speeches [Folder 2 of 2]
5 LTA notes, general


Series II
Subseries 5: LTA general publications

Garland Fulton collected articles on all aspects of LTA. This subseries includes both publications devoted to LTA, and general interest publications with articles on LTA. Also included are manufacturers' publications and miscellaneous LTA articles and publications.


Box  Folder 

25 1 Buoyant flight: the Bulletin of the Lighter-Than-Air Society Vols 21-22 [incomplete]; Nov-Dec 1973 - Jan-Feb 1075
2 Wingfoot Lighter-Than-Air Society Bulletin Vols 12-13; Nov 1964 - March 1966
3 Wingfoot Lighter-Than-Air Society Bulletin Vols 14-15; Nov 1966 - Oct 1968
4 Wingfoot Lighter-Than-Air Society Bulletin Vols 16-17; Dec 1968 - March 1970
5 Goodyear-Zeppelin publications
6 LTA booklets, general

26 1 Magazines with LTA articles [Folder 1 of 2]
2 Magazines with LTA articles [Folder 2 of 2]
3 Publications on airships in World War II
4 Miscellaneous LTA articles


Series II
Subseries 6: LTA Gases

As a highly-placed airshipman, Garland Fulton had a deep interest in the lifting gases used in LTA, hydrogen and helium. He collected material relating both to the physical nature of gases and also to the curious political aspects of helium that emerged in the 1920s and '30s. Fulton was a participant in the political controversy that arose when Hugo Eckener attempted to purchase helium (a monopoly of the US government) for the Zeppelin company following the destruction of the Hindenburg in 1937.


Box  Folder 

27 1 Gases, general
2 Helium controversy of 1937-1938
3 Helium - correspondence, papers, reports
4 Helium, general [Folder 1 of 5]
5 Helium, general [Folder 2 of 5]
6 Helium, general [Folder 3 of 5]

28 1 Helium, general [Folder 4 of 5]
2 Helium, general [5 of 5]
3 Hydrogen, general


Series III: Aeronautics, General

Garland Fulton also collected material that dealt with non-LTA aspects of aeronautics. This series includes both technical and historical material on aeronautics, arranged alphabetically by title, name or description.. More technical material will be found in the following Series IV, Subseries 1.


Box  Folder 

28 4 Aero Club of Pennsylvania; photocopy of Hugh L. Willoughby scrapbook 1908-1910
5 Aeronautical history - photocopies of books
6 Aeronautical publications, general
7 Air commerce - papers, reports
8 Air commerce - policy

29 1 Aeronautical book catalogues - Maggs Bros., London
2 Aircraft motors - Le Rhone Type C 80 hp; Type J 110 hp - instructions
3 Aircraft motors - Liberty 12 - instructions for installation, inspection and maintenance
4 Aircraft motors - Maybach 260 HP
5 Aircraft motors - Union Aircraft Engine - information and instructions
6 Aviation articles, papers, notes
7 Convertible aircraft
8 Commercial flying boats - data on Pacific flights [Pan American Airways operations, 1936-1939]
9 German aviation reports, 1920-1921
10 Handbook of Instructions for Airplane Designers - Engineering Division, Air Service, 1920
11 Handbook of Instructions for Airplane Designers, Vol 1 - Material Division, US Army Air Corps, 1931, 6th Edition
12 Handbook of Instructions for Airplane Designers, Vol 2 - Material Division, US Army Air Corps, 1931, 6th Edition

30 1 Huff Airplane patent, 1938
2 Lightening, electrical hazards in aeronautics
3 Manual for Inspection of Aircraft, U.S. Navy, 1919
4 Naval Aviation, 1910-1960 - US Navy publication
5 Pan American Airways - summary of operations, 1937-1938
6 Royal Flying Corps training manual, part 1, 1914
7 Superiority of Flying Boats in Transocean Service - Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce of America, 1937
8 Transatlantic air service proposals
9 US Army Air Service handbooks, technical reports, publications
10 US Navy Bureau of Construction and Repair - General Specifications for Airplanes - Specification No. 100-A, April 1919
11 Miscellaneous aviation publications


Series IV
Subseries 1: Publications arranged by organization and/or individuals

 
Box  Folder 

31 1 Daniel Guggenheim Fund publications
2 J.C. Hunsaker papers
3 Testimony by J.C. Hunsaker in Duralumin lawsuit [United States of America vs. Aluminum Company of America], 1940 [Folder 1 of 2]
4 Testimony by J.C. Hunsaker in Duralumin lawsuit [United States of America vs. Aluminum Company of America], 1940 [Folder 2 of 2]

32 1 National Academy of Sciences publications
2 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics [NACA] annual reports, 1920-1930 [incomplete]
3 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics [NACA] annual reports, 1931-1939 [incomplete]
4 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics [NACA] reports [Folder 1 of 2]
5 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics [NACA] reports [Folder 2 of 2]

33 1 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics [NACA] technical reports and memoranda [Folder 1 of 2]
2 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics [NACA] technical reports and memoranda [Folder 2 of 2]
3 National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics [NACA] miscellaneous publications
4 National Aeronautics and Space Administration [NASA] papers and reports
5 Navy Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer], general

34 1 Navy Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer] Design Memoranda [C.P. Burgess design memos]
2 Navy Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer] rigid airship design questionnaire, summary of results, 1936
3 Navy Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer] specifications
4 Navy Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer] Technical Note No. 151 - Commercial Aspect of Airship Transport - G.H. Scott [1925]
5 Navy Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer] Technical Note No. 185 - Extracts Relating to Airships - G. de Montjou, 1928 [Folder 1 of 2]
6 Navy Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer] Technical Note No. 185 - Extracts Relating to Airships - G. de Montjou, 1928 [Folder 2 of 2]

35 1 Navy Bureau of Construction and Repair - bulletins, 1913-1930
2 Navy Bureau of Engineering - report on water recovery in airships, 1936
3 Science Advisory Board annual report, 1935


Series IV
Subseries 2: Technical papers, reports, journals

 
Box  Folder 

35 4 Technical journals [Folder 1 of 2]
5 Technical journals [Folder 2 of 2]
6 Technical papers, reports, publications [Folder 1 of 3]
7 Technical papers, reports, publications [Folder 2 of 3]

36 1 Technical papers, reports, publications [Folder 3 of 3]


Series IV
Subseries 3: Magazines, journals, papers, reports - general

 
Box  Folder 

36 2 Aeronautical Journal, July 1920
3 Aeronautical World, Sept 1902
4 Journal of the Royal Aeronautical Society, 1924-1929 [incomplete]
5 Naval Engineers Journal, Dec 1969
6 Technology and Culture, 1964-1967 [incomplete]

37 1 United States Naval Institute Proceedings, 1967-1969 [incomplete]
2 United States Naval Institute Proceedings, 1970-1973 [incomplete]
3 Magazines and journals, general
4 German language aviation magazines
5 German language magazines and journals, general
6 Scientific papers and reports
7 World War II history [report - no author, no date]


Series IV
Subseries 4: News clippings

Oversized photocopies of newspapers are stored in Box 45.


Box  Folder 

38 1 News clippings, 1901-1920
2 News clippings, 1921-1928
3 News clippings, 1929
4 News clippings, 1930
5 News clippings, 1931-1940
6 News clippings, 1941-1950
7 News clippings, 1951-1960
8 News clippings, 1961-1974
9 Undated news clippings
10 German language newspapers and clippings


Series V: US Navy, general

This series includes material on non-LTA aspects of the US Navy and naval activities. It includes documents, reports, and manuals.


Box  Folder 

39 1 Analysis of [Naval] flight operations, fiscal year 1932
2 Bureau of Aeronautics [BuAer], general
3 Naval Construction Corps officers, aviation duty, 1926
4 Naval Construction Corps officers, flight training, 1929-1930
5 Naval history
6 Naval legislation [non-LTA]
7 Navy Department Reorganization Board, 1921 [Folder 1 of 2]
8 Navy Department Reorganization Board, 1921 [Folder 2 of 2]
9 Navy doctrine papers
10 Navy reports and manuals, general
11 Navy technical personnel
12 Miscellaneous Navy documents


Series VI: Miscellaneous Documents

 
Box  Folder 

39 13 Brochures, pamphlets
14 Corporate reports
15 German papers and reports
16 Legislation, Congressional reports
17 Maps and charts
18 Report of trip to Germany and France by LCDR J.M. Shoemaker, 1929
19 Summary of F.W. von Meister's life, 1942
20 Miscellaneous documents and ephemera


Series VII: Photographs

Photographs in the Fulton Papers have been sorted into several groups:

  • A group of portraits, including several of Garland Fulton, other individuals, and group shots.
  • Photographs of U.S. Navy airships has been sorted into files of rigid airships and non-rigids and then arranged alphabetically by Navy designation. These are followed by a small group of non-LTA Navy photographs.
  • Airships arranged by country of origin, including a large group of Zeppelin airships.
  • A small group of miscellaneous LTA photographs.
  • Miscellaneous photographs.

Box  Folder 

40 1 Portraits - Garland Fulton
2 Portraits
3 Group photographs
4 Naval personnel
5 Navy rigid airships - ZMC-2
6 Navy rigid airships - ZR-1 Shenandoah
7 Navy rigid airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles [Folder 1 of 2]
8 Navy rigid airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles [Folder 2 of 2]
9 Navy rigid airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles construction
10 Navy rigid airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles - Zeppelin and Navy personnel during construction
11 Navy rigid airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles accident
12 Navy rigid airships - ZR-3 Los Angeles stereographic photographs
13 Navy rigid airships - ZRS-4/5 type concepts
14 Navy rigid airships - ZRS-4 Akron

41 1 Navy rigid airships - ZRS-5 Macon
2 Navy non-rigid airships - B Type
3 Navy non-rigid airships - C Type
4 Navy non-rigid airships - DN-1
5 Navy non-rigid airships - J-3, Lakehurst hanger
6 Navy non-rigid airships - K-2, first flight, Akron
7 Navy non-rigid airships - TC-14
8 Navy non-rigid airships - postcards
9 Navy balloons
10 Navy - Great Lakes Naval Station, 1919
11 Navy - NAS Lakehurst
12 Navy - USS Patoka airship tender
13 British rigid airships
14 German rigid airships - LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin
15 German rigid airships - LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin, round the world flight, 1929
16 German rigid airships - LZ 129 Hindenburg
17 German rigid airships - LZ 129 Hindenburg panorama photographs
18 German rigid airships - Zeppelin airships
19 Zeppelin calendar, 1933
20 Zeppelin calendar, 1934

42 1 Zeppelin calendar, 1935
2 Zeppelin calendar, 1936
3 Zeppelin calendar, 1937
4 Zeppelin calendar, 1938
5 Zeppelin calendar, 1939
6 Italian airship - SR.I
7 Airship concepts, artists' impressions
8 Unidentified airship - releasing a pigeon
9 Balloons - history
10 Hangers, airship landing and mooring facilities
11 Aerial photographs
12 Aircraft
13 Aircraft - flying boats and seaplanes
14 Friedrichshafen, Germany
15 Submarines
16 Weather charts
17 World War I, miscellaneous


Series VIII: Books

A group of Garland Fulton's books, mainly on LTA, aviation, maritime history, and engineering came to NASM with his papers. A number of them have been transferred to the NASM branch of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries. Others, which duplicated titles held by the library, have been transferred to other institutions. Four books which include inscriptions or dedications to Garland Fulton have been retained with his papers.


Box   

43 Eckener, Hugo - Im Zeppelin uber Länder und Meere; Verlagshaus Christian Wolff, Flensburg, 1949. Inscription by F.W. von Meister, 1949
Robinson, Douglas - The Zeppelin in Combat; G.T. Foulis & Co Ltd, London, 1962. Inscription by Douglas Robinson, 1962.
Rosendahl, C.E. - What about the Airship?; Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1938. Inscription by C.E. Rosendahl, 1938.
Rosendahl, C.E. - What about the Airship?; Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1938. Inscription by C.E. Rosendahl, no date.


Series IX: Oversized Material

 
Box  Folder 

44 1 Photocopy of early airship scrapbook, c.1910-1913, compiled by Capt. Chambers, USN
2 Photo portraits - Garland Fulton, ADM David Taylor, unidentified
3 Photographs - airships, aircraft, balloons, naval scenes
4 Panorama photograph of Curtiss NC flying boat with Navy personnel
5 Airship photographs [Folder 1 of 2]
6 Airship photographs [Folder 2 of 2]
7 Fulton's certificate of membership in US Naval Institute
8 Oil painting on board of unidentified 19th century American steamship - painting is broken in two pieces

45 1 Technical drawings, proposed Navy airship base, Sunnyvale, CA, 1931
2 Newspaper photocopies, 1921-1928
3 Newspaper photocopies, 1929
4 Newspaper photocopies, 1930
5 Newspaper photocopies, 1931-1940
6 Newspaper photocopies, 1950-1966
7 German language newspaper photocopies