Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton] 1965-1972


Collection Item Summary:

This collection consists of the following reports, memorandums, and related material documenting the Apollo flight software developed by Margaret Hamilton's team at the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL): Apollo Guidance Computer Software Program listing; Apollo Guidance and Navigation System Study Guide (CM Digital Autopilot); Apollo Guidance and Navigation Guidance System Operations Plan for Manned LM Earth Orbital and Lunar Missions using Program Luminary; Apollo Guidance and Navigation Guidance System Operations Plan for Manned CM Earth Orbital Mission Missions using Program Sundisk, sections 5 and 6; Apollo 13 AC Electronics; Apollo Guidance Program Symbolic Listing Information for Block 2; Apollo Guidance, Navigation and Control: A Digital Autopilot for Thrust Vector Control of the Apollo CSM and CSM/LM Vehicles; "An Optimal Steering to Achieve Required Velocity," by Balraj C. Sokkappa; "General Questions on Kalman Filtering in Navigation Systems," by George Schmidt and Larry Brock; "Application of Kalman Filtering Techniques to the Apollo Program," by Richard Battin and Gerald Levine; Flight Plan Apollo 7; Guidance System Operations Plan Manned CM Earth Orbital Missions using Program Skylark 1; Apollo Project memorandums for the Submission of MIT/IL Software Development Plan, critiquing each new official version of the flight system program; first draft of a report on the analysis of the Apollo system problems during flight; memo relating to the "Management of Apollo Programming and its Applications to the Shuttle;" software program change routing slips; and an oversized Charles Start Draper Laboratory brochure.

Collection Item Long Description:


  • Astronautics
  • Physics
  • Manned space flight

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum Archives

Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions on access


Hamilton, Margaret H 1936-

Physical description

1.28 cubic feet (1 box)


  • 1965
  • 1965-1972
  • 20th century


Margaret H. Hamilton (b. 1936) was the Director of Software Engineering Division at Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (CSDL) and was responsible for the on board flight software for NASA's Apollo and Skylab missions. Hamilton received a BA in Mathematics from Earlham College in Richmond, Indiana, and postponed her Ph.D. work when she was offered the opportunity to work on the Apollo project. She has published over 130 papers and reports on her areas of expertise in system design and software development.

Cite as

Apollo Flight Guidance Computer Software Collection [Hamilton], acc. 1986-0158, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution

Repository Loc.

National Air and Space Museum, Archives Division, MRC 322, Washington, DC, 20560


  • Reports
  • Collection descriptions
  • Technical manuals
  • Memoranda

Local number


Finding Aids

Online Finding Aid

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