Camera, Video Camcorder, Protein Crystal Growth Experiment Apparatus, Shuttle


Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

Astronauts used this Sony video camcorder with the Thermal Enclosure System-Crystal Observation System (TES-COS) to record and observe protein crystal growth experiments during Space Shuttle missions. The camera was attached to the unit to document and monitor the progress of crystal growth experiments inside, without opening the device. After missions, researchers studied the video recordings to understand better the process of protein crystal formation, a matter of interest to the medical, drug, and agricultural industries.

Researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, actively involved in experiments for Shuttle flights, gave this item and a large set of protein crystal growth equipment to the Museum in 2012.

Collection Item Long Description:

Inventory Number


Credit Line

Gift of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Center for Biological Sciences and Engineering


Country of Origin



  • Plastic
  • Nylon
  • Plastic
  • Rubber
  • Velcro
  • Lithium Battery
  • Glass
  • Textile


3-D: 20.6 × 12.1 × 11.4cm, 1.2kg (8 1/8 × 4 3/4 × 4 1/2 in., 2.6lb.)

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum



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