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Clement V-2 Engine

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Display Status:

This object is on display in the Early Flight exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.

Collection Item Summary:

This French engine powered the Santos-Dumont Airship No. 9 in 1903. It performed two tasks: propulsion and the operation of a belt driven blower to pressurize the airship's envelope. Although designed for the Clement Autocyclette motorcycle, it was easily converted to aeronautical use because of its light weight and adequate power.

Alberto Santos-Dumont, a wealthy Brazilian based in Paris, first became famous by flying his dirigible No. 6 around the Eiffel Tower in 1901 and, in 1906, made the first airplane flight in Europe. This artifact was of special interest because it had "connected with it the smallest motor which has ever been successfully applied to a dirigible balloon." From the accession file, it appears that Airship No. 9 was to be flown at an exhibition in St. Louis in 1904, but was vandalized and not flown again.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Manufacturer

Clement, France

Credit Line

Gift of Edward C. Boyce

Materials

Metal, wood, leather

Dimensions

3-D: 81.3 × 63.5 × 76.2cm (32 × 25 × 30 in.)

See more items in

National Air and Space Museum Collection

Country of Origin

France

Date

1903

Physical Description

  • Type: Reciprocating, 2 cylinders, air-cooled
  • Power rating: 2.237 kW (3 hp) at 1,000 rpm
  • Displacement: 0.36 L (21.8 cu in)
  • Bore and Stroke: 5.72cm (2.25 in.) x 6.99 cm (2.75 in.)
  • Weight: 12.0 kg (26.4 lb)

Type

PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary

Inventory Number

A19080001000