Curtiss C-4 or D-4, In-line 4 Engine


Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

This engine, built by the Glenn H. Curtiss Manufacturing Company of Hammondsport, New York, about 1907 is believed to be a Model C-4 or D-4 engine. The Model C-4 was designed specifically as a power plant for a U.S. military dirigible. It was built as a light aeronautical engine and was fitted with mechanical valves and auxiliary ports. A propeller was connected directly to its drive shaft.

The Model D-4 was identical with the Model C-4 excepting that it was water cooled. The D-4 was designed as a lightweight engine recommended by Curtiss for marine applications where the added weight of about 34 kg (75 lb) for the water-cooling system was not objectionable. Both engine models were rated at 19 kW (25 shp). This motor, which has both air- (cylinder heads) and water-cooled (cylinder barrels), is believed to have powered a 1910 aircraft owned by Ralph M. Kinderman.

Collection Item Long Description:


Circa 1907

Inventory Number


Physical Description

  • Type: Reciprocating, in-line, 4 cylinders, C-4: air cooled, D-4: water cooled
  • Power: 18.6 kW (25 hp) at 1,800 rpm
  • Displacement: 2.7 L (165.12 cu in)
  • Bore and Stroke: 92.1 mm (3.625 in.) x 101.6 mm (4 in.)
  • Weight: 49.9 kg (110 lb)

Credit Line

Gift of Mrs. R. M. Kinderman

Country of Origin

United States of America


Copper, Rubber, Steel, Ceramic, Aluminum, Paint, Preservative coating, Textile


Height: 45.7 cm (18 in.), Width: 17.8 cm (7 in.), Depth: 50.8 cm (20 in.)

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum


PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary