You are here

Daimler-Benz DB 605 Inverted V-12 Engine

favorite

Display Status:

This object is on display in the World War II Aviation (DC) exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.

Collection Item Summary:

Developed from the DB-600 engine first produced in November 1937, the DB-600 series was used primarily in Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Bf 110 fighters. In 1939, a Messerschmitt 209V1, using a DB-605ARJ engine, set a world's record of 755 km/hr (469.22 mph) which was not broken by a propeller driven aircraft until 1969.

Inverted mounting provided better visibility, lower center of gravity, and improved maintenance access. In the Bf 109, a cannon was mounted between the engine banks and fired through a propeller hub. The DB-601A in the Bf 109E, used fuel injection instead of a carburetor, a great asset in combat since the engine did not cut out under negative g forces. This engine was also used in some Heinkel 111s and license-built versions in the Macchi MC.202 Folgore and several Japanese aircraft.

Of the 74,896 DB 600 series engines, 42,405 DB 605 engines were produced, more than any other model.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Manufacturer

Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft

Credit Line

Transferred from the U.S. Air Force Museum.

Materials

Metal

Dimensions

Length 174 cm (68.5 in.), Width 71.9 cm (28.3 in.), Height 101.1 cm (39.8 in.)

See more items in

National Air and Space Museum Collection

Country of Origin

Germany

Date

1943

Physical Description

  • Type: Reciprocating, inverted V, 12 cylinders, liquid-cooled, geared drive
  • Power rating: 1,100 kW (1,475 hp) at 2,800 rpm
  • Displacement: 35.7 L (2,179 cu in.)
  • Bore and Stroke: 154 mm (6.1 in.) x 160 mm (6.3 in.)
  • Weight: 745 kg (1,642 lb)

Type

PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary

Inventory Number

A19670086000