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Detector, Soft X-Ray

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This object is on display in the Boeing Aviation Hangar room at Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.

Detector, Soft X-Ray

Collection Item Summary:

X-ray detector typical of those used in solar observation satellites such as OSO-5. This commercial unit, manufactured by LND Inc., is a proportional counter. It converted impinging x-rays to an electrical signal and amplified that for further processing. It comprises a hollow metal gas-filled cylinder equipped with a window transparent to x-rays at one end. Electrons released by impinging x-rays will travel to the oppositely charged electrode. During the course of their travels, they collide with gas molecules which results in the release of further electrons. This process leads to a cascade of charge and the effective amplification of the electrical signal generated by the initial x-ray. The x-ray frequency detection range of the instrument is determined by choice of gas and the imposed electrical potential and the nature of the entrance window. This detector was transferred to NASM by NASA (GSFC) in 1988.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Manufacturer

Credit Line

Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Materials

  • Bag - plastic
  • Capsules - silica gel
  • Cylinder - metal

Dimensions

3-D: 7.6 x 1.9cm (3 x 3/4 in.)

Country of Origin

United States of America

Type

INSTRUMENTS-Scientific

Inventory Number

A19880229000