Fuel Cell, Apollo


Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

The Apollo Command Module's primary source of electric power was from a set of three "fuel cells" housed in the Service Module. Each fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity and water. The water was used for drinking by the astronaut crew. Each of the fuel cell power plants contain 31 separate cells connected in series. Each cell has hydrogen and an oxygen compartments and electrodes and in combination produce 27 to 31 volts. Normal power output for each power plant is 563 to 1420 watts, with a maximum of 2300 watts.

This particular fuel cell was installed in Service Module (SM) 102 during ground testing and operations conducted at the modules North American Aviation manufacturing site in California. It was transferred to the Smithsonian in September 1972. SM 102 was not flown.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Credit Line

Transferred from NASA, Johnson Space Center.


  • Pressure Jacket/Support Assembly - Titanium, Stainless Steel, Nickel
  • Hydrogen Electrode - Nickel
  • Oxygen Electrode - Nickel and Nickel Oxide


3-D: 111.8 x 55.9cm, 111.1kg (44 x 22 in., 245lb.)

Country of Origin

United States of America


SPACECRAFT-Manned-Electrical Power

Inventory Number