Launch Vehicle, Jupiter-C, Replica, with Explorer 1 Satellite, Replica


Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

This is a full-scale reproduction of the Jupiter-C launch vehicle with a model of the Explorer I satellite on the top. The Jupiter-C launched Explorer I on 31 January 1958 as the U.S.'s first artificial satellite. The Jupiter-C was a modified version of the Army's 200-mile range Redstone liquid-fuel ballistic missile with added solid-fuel upper stages plus the satellite. The Explorer 1 instruments recorded cosmic rays, micrometeorites, temperatures, and radiations. This rocket was transferred to the Smithsonian in 1980 from the NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Credit Line

Transferred from NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center


Body, mainly aluminum; some steel including rocket engine and launch stand; exhaust vanes, black carbon phenolic; fins, steel; discs on the backs of each of the four exhaust vanes, steel, and rusted.


Overall: 799 3/16 in. long x 70 in. diameter (2029.97 x 177.8cm)


PROPULSION-Rocket Engines

Inventory Number