This lunar module represents one of humanity’s greatest achievements: landing people on another heavenly body.
Collection Item Summary:
The Apollo Lunar Module (LM) was a two-stage vehicle designed by Grumman to ferry two astronauts from lunar orbit to the lunar surface and back. The upper ascent stage consisted of a pressurized crew compartment, equipment areas, and an ascent rocket engine. The lower descent stage had the landing gear and contained the descent rocket engine and lunar surface experiments.
LM 2 was built for a second unmanned Earth-orbit test flight. Because the test flight of LM 1, named Apollo 5, was so successful, a second mission was deemed unnecessary. LM-2 was used for ground testing prior to the first successful Moon-landing mission. In 1970 the ascent stage of LM-2 spent several months on display at the "Expo '70" in Osaka, Japan. When it returned to the United States, it was reunited with its descent stage, modified to appear like the Apollo 11 Lunar Module "Eagle," and transferred to the Smithsonian for display.
Collection Item Long Description:
National Air and Space Museum
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation
Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Aluminum, titanium, aluminized Mylar and aluminized Kapton blankets
Overall: 22 ft. 11 in. tall x 14 ft. 1 in. wide, 8499.9 lb. (698.5 x 429.3cm, 3855.5kg)
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National Air and Space Museum Collection
Country of Origin
United States of America
Explore Object Connections
The touchable Moon rock made the first leg of its journey to Earth aboard the Apollo 17 lunar module (LM-12), named Challenger.
On each Apollo mission that landed humans on the Moon (11, 12, 14, 15, and 17), the Lunar module rendezvoused with a command module in lunar orbit.
The Wildcat, a Navy fighter built by Grumman, gave them experience in creating strong landing gear which was applied to building the lunar module.
The <i>Star Trek</i> Starship <i>Enterprise</i> model and LM-2 are actually contemporaries of each other.