This object is on display in the Boeing Aviation Hangar room at Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.
Collection Item Summary:
The XR-7755-3 is the largest, most powerful reciprocating aircraft engine in the world. During World War II, the U.S. Army Air Forces requested an engine with high takeoff power and low fuel consumption for a yet-to-be designed long-range bomber and transport. Lycoming began designing the engine in early 1944, and it was ready for testing by mid-1946. It featured nine dual-lobe overhead camshafts, which shifted axially for takeoff and cruising efficiency, and a two-speed, geared, dual-rotation propeller drive.
Lycoming built two XR 7755-3 prototypes. The company and the Army successfully tested them, but neither engine ever flew in an airframe. The proven reliability of the new gas turbine engines introduced after World War II made the XR 7755-3 obsolete before it could be fully developed. This artifact is the sole survivor.
Collection Item Long Description:
National Air and Space Museum
Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum
Lycoming (Williamsport, Pennsylvania)
Transferred from the U.S. Air Force Museum.
Diameter 154.9 cm (61 in.), Length 308.2 cm (121.35 in.)
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National Air and Space Museum Collection
Country of Origin
United States of America
- Type: Reciprocating, Radial, 36 cylinders, nine 4-cylinder rows, liquid cooled
- Power rating: 3,729 kW (5,000 hp) at 2,600 rpm
- Displacement: 127 L (7,755 cu in)
- Bore and Stroke: 162 mm (6.375 in.) x 171 mm (6.750 in.)
- Weight: 2,783 kg (6,130 lb)
PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary