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Missile, Surface-to-Air, Enzian E1, Forward Fuselage


Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

This experimental World War II German anti-aircraft missile was designed in 1944 by Dr. Hermann Wurster of Messerschmitt with an aerodynamic shape influenced by the Me 163 rocket fighter. Test models in the E-1 series were launched from Karlshagen/Peenemuende in mid-1944, boosted by four Schmidding 109-553 solid dyglycol rockets. The sustainer engine was a RI 210B Walter motor powered by mixed acid and gasoline, which were fed to the chamber by a hydrogen-peroxide-fueled turbopump. The missile was to be controlled by a ground-operator through a joystick, but the missiles ran badly out of control during the early launches. In all 38 launch attempts were made, but the program was cancelled at the end of January 1945.

This wooden fuselage section from missile E1/58 mated the nose cone and main body and contained the control equipment. The U.S. Army Air Forces shipped it from Germany in 1946.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum


Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum


Messerschmitt A.G.

Credit Line

Donor Unknown




Overall: 83.8 × 73.7cm (33 × 29 in.)

Country of Origin



CRAFT-Missiles & Rocket Parts

Inventory Number