Missile, Surface-to-Surface, Liquid Fuel, Corporal

Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

This is the surface-to-surface Corporal, the United States' first operational guided missile. It was equipped with either a conventional or atomic warhead and ranged 75 miles. The liquid-fuel rocket engine produced 20,000 pounds of thrust and used storable propellants.

The development of the Corporal began in 1944, and the first successful launch was made in 1947. Its development was slow, however, due to other national defense project priorities; the missile did not become operational until 1954. The Corporal was furnished to the U.S. and British armies, and Corporal battalions were also stationed in Italy. The Corporal went out of operation in 1966.

This Corporal missile was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution in 1972 from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.