Model, Planetary Probe, Pioneer Venus Orbiter


Display Status:

This object is on display in the Exploring the Planets exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.

Collection Item Summary:

The Pioneer mission to Venus consisted of two spacecraft, an orbiter and a multiprobe that entered the Venusian atmosphere, each of them launched separately. This is a model of the Pioneer Venus orbiter, which studied the planet for more than a decade following its arrival in 1978. The Pioneer Venus orbiter carried a radar altimeter, which was used to make the first global map of the surface elevations. Its main antenna was used to produce moderate-resolution radar images of the equatorial region.

Transferred from NASA to the Museum in 1982.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum


Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Credit Line

Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Adminstration and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory


Plastic and wood.


Approximate: 11 13/16in. x 5 11/16in. x 1ft 10 3/16in. (0.3m x 0.144m x 0.564m)

Country of Origin

United States of America


MODELS-Unmanned Spacecraft & Parts

Inventory Number