Model, Rocket Torpedo, Hassan er-Rammah or Hasan al-Rammah, ca. 1280 A.D.

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Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

This is a model of the "self-moving and combustible egg" of the Syrian Al-Hassan er-Rammah and is believed to be the earliest known rocket propelled torpedo. Crude sketches and a description of it appear in Hassan's Arabic manuscript, The Book of Fighting on Horseback and with War Engines, completed in A.D. 1280.

It is not known if he ever built the device. The two pans connected together were filled with an incendiary mixture and the whole was propelled by two rockets. As the rockets were ignited, the device was aimed toward an enemy ship. When it struck, the enemy ship was to catch fire and be destroyed. The model was built especially for the National Air and Space Museum and donated to the Museum in 1976 by the George Marsden Design Company.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Manufacturer

Credit Line

Gift of George Marsden Design

Materials

  • Copper Alloy
  • Aluminum
  • Plastic
  • Steel
  • Paint
  • Ink
  • Paper
  • Natural Fabric
  • Felt

Dimensions

  • Overall: 21 x 45.1 x 13.7cm (8 1/4 x 17 3/4 x 5 3/8 in.)
  • Storage: 52.1 x 35.6 x 17.8cm (20 1/2 x 14 x 7 in.)

Country of Origin

United States of America

Type

MODELS-Missiles & Rockets

Inventory Number

A19762056000

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