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Nozzle, Rocket Motor, Solid Fuel, Ohka Bomb

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Display Status:

This object is on display in the Rockets and Missiles exhibition at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.

Collection Item Summary:

This is a nozzle of a rocket motor that powered the Japanese Ohka bomb of World War II. The Ohka was a small, anti-ship, manned suicide aircraft. Known to the Americans as the Baka (Foolish) bomb, it was fitted with three rockets. The motors used a solid fuel and produced a thrust of 7,500 N (1,700 lb.) for ten seconds. Ohkas were carried by a Betty bomber and launched from an altitude of about one mile and a distance of 10 km (6-7 mi.) from the target ship.

Ohkas glided towards the target and the rocket motors in the rear were usually fired close to the target to give the bomb more speed. It was first used in combat in the Pacific in 1945 and damaged the U.S. battleship West Virginia and other vessels. This nozzle was transferred to the Smithsonian in 1966 by the U.S. Air Force.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Credit Line

Transferred from the U.S. Air Force

Materials

Steel

Dimensions

Overall: 2 ft. 9 in. long x 5 3/4 in. diameter (83.82 x 14.61cm)

See more items in

National Air and Space Museum Collection

Country of Origin

Japan

Date

ca. 1945

Type

PROPULSION-Rocket Engines

Inventory Number

A19660096002

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