Rocket, Air-to-Surface, 5-inch, HVAR


Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

The 5-inch caliber HVAR (High Velocity Aircraft Rocket), also called the Holy Moses, was a very effective U.S. Navy air-to-surface rocket. It began service in World War II and continued until 1955. Largely fired by Navy airplanes, such as the F4U Corsair, the HVAR was however first used by the Army Air Forces against German targets near Lo, France in July 1944. About a million HVARs were produced.

The loaded weight of the rocket was 61 kg (134 lb )including 11 kg (24 lb) of propellant and a 20 kg (45 lb) payload with 3.5 kg (7.8 lb) of high explosive. It reached a velocity of 1530 km/h (950 mph), and had a range of about 5 km (3 mi).

The U.S. Marine Corps transferred this rocket to the Smithsonian.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Credit Line

Transferred from the U.S. Marine Corps


  • Steel
  • Paint


  • 3-D: 172.7 × 27.9 × 27.9cm (68 × 11 × 11 in.)
  • Storage: 184.2 × 38.7 × 43.2cm (72 1/2 × 15 1/4 × 17 in.)

Country of Origin

United States of America


CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets

Inventory Number


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