Jupiter-C Rocket (Replica)


Display Status:

This object is on display in the Space Race exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.

Collection Item Summary:

This is a full-scale reproduction of the Jupiter-C launch vehicle built by the Reynolds Metals Company has a replica of the Explorer I satellite on top. The Jupiter-C launched the Explorer I on January 31, 1958 as the U.S.'s first artificial satellite.

The Jupiter-C was a modified Army Redstone liquid-fuel rocket with solid-fuel upper stages and a slightly more powerful main stage engine. The Explorer 1 instruments recorded cosmic rays, micrometeorites, temperatures, and radiations. This rocket was transferred to the Smithsonian by the Army in 1959.

Collection Item Long Description:



Inventory Number


Credit Line

Transferred from the U.S. Army

Country of Origin

United States of America


Body, mainly aluminum; some steel including rocket engine and launch stand; exhaust vanes, carbon phenolic.


Overall: 66 ft. 7 3/16 in. tall x 5 ft. 10 in. diameter, 64200 lb. (2029.97 x 177.8cm, 29120.9kg)

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum


CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets