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Jupiter-C Rocket (Replica)


Display Status:

This object is on display in the Space Race exhibition at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC.

Collection Item Summary:

This is a full-scale reproduction of the Jupiter-C launch vehicle built by the Reynolds Metals Company has a replica of the Explorer I satellite on top. The Jupiter-C launched the Explorer I on January 31, 1958 as the U.S.'s first artificial satellite.

The Jupiter-C was a modified Army Redstone liquid-fuel rocket with solid-fuel upper stages and a slightly more powerful main stage engine. The Explorer 1 instruments recorded cosmic rays, micrometeorites, temperatures, and radiations. This rocket was transferred to the Smithsonian by the Army in 1959.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum


Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Credit Line

Transferred from the U.S. Army


Body, mainly aluminum; some steel including rocket engine and launch stand; exhaust vanes, carbon phenolic.


Overall: 66 ft. 7 3/16 in. tall x 5 ft. 10 in. diameter, 64200 lb. (2029.97 x 177.8cm, 29120.9kg)

Country of Origin

United States of America




CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets

Inventory Number