Rocket, Solid Fuel, Congreve 100-Pounder

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Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

This is a Congreve 100-Pounder war rocket made by the Englishman Sir William Congreve in 1815. It lacks its complete wooden guide stick that would have made it some 25 feet long. Only the rocket body, with pointed warhead and part of the guide stick, are shown. The propellant was gunpowder while the warhead contained combustible powder meant for the destruction of forts.

Congreve rockets saw service until as late as the 1860's when they were replaced by the Hale stickless, or rotary rocket. However, the 100-pounder and other larger calibers up to the 300-pounder, never became operational since they were expensive and difficult to make and transport. This object was donated to the Smithsonian in 1968 by the Royal Artillery Institute, U.K.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Manufacturer

Credit Line

Gift of Royal Artillery Institute

Materials

  • Iron Alloy
  • Paint
  • Natural Fiber
  • Wood
  • Lacquer

Dimensions

  • 3-D (Rocket, Diameter x Length, Approximate): 15.7 × 168.3cm (6 3/16 × 66 1/4 in.)
  • 3-D (Pole, Diameter x Length, Approximate): 6.4 × 82.2cm (2 1/2 × 32 3/8 in.)
  • Storage (Wooden Crate): 280.7 × 64.8 × 94cm, 234.1kg (110 1/2 × 25 1/2 × 37 in., 516lb.)

Country of Origin

United Kingdom

Date

1815

Type

CRAFT-Missiles & Rockets

Inventory Number

A19680020000

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