Salomon A. Andree 1896 Polar Expedition Collection, 1896


Collection Item Summary:

This collection consists of material relating to the 1896 unsuccessful effort, including: two oversized prints; a photograph album labeled "Spitsbergen, 1896" which includes images of life on board the ship Virgo and the Ornen balloon; and a scrapbook containing mostly Swedish newspaper article accounts of the journey.

Collection Item Long Description:


  • Aeronautics
  • Balloons
  • Discovery and exploration

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum Archives

Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions on access


Andrée, Salomon August 1854-1897


Andrée, Salomon August 1854-1897

Physical description

0.51 cubic feet (2 flatboxes) (1 folder)




Arctic regions


Salomon August Andree (1854-1897) was a pupil at the Technical Institute in Stockholm. During the 1870s and 1880s, Andree became interested in both ballooning and meteorological and physical research in polar regions. In 1893 Andree bought his first balloon and undertook various ascents, and by 1895 had put forth his plans for a balloon flight over the North Pole. The expedition was planned for the summer of 1896, but after reaching Spitsbergen, unfavorable weather conditions caused the flight to be canceled. Thus, the expedition commenced the following summer. Three days after takeoff, the balloon was forced to land, and the men - Andree, Nils Strindberg, and Knut Fraenkel - spent six weeks trying to return to Spitsbergen before perishing. The remains of their last camp were not found until 1930.

Repository Loc.

National Air and Space Museum, Archives Division, MRC 322, Washington, DC, 20560


  • Photographs
  • Collection descriptions
  • Publications
  • Scrapbooks

Local number