Satellite, Ariel 2, Solar Paddles and Arms

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Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

This is a full-scale mock-up of Ariel-2, the second satellite in an international cooperative venture between the United States and the United Kingdom, to provide data on the Earth's ionosphere and radiation from space. The spacecraft was designed by the Goddard Space Flight Center and built by Westinghouse Electric Corporation. The experiments which it carried were provided by scientists at universities in the UK. The satellite was launched on a Scout rocket on March 27, 1964; its orbit decayed on November 18, 1967. It provided valuable data on the distribution of ozone in the upper atmosphere. Radio measurements from the spacecraft also helped establish the level of general galactic radio noise in the region of 1 MHz. The artifact was reconstructed out of a combination of left-over parts and mock-ups and transferred from NASA in 1975.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Credit Line

Transferred from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Materials

Epoxy-bonded fiberglass, aluminum and other light metals and plastics.

Dimensions

  • Overall: 1 ft. 8 in. tall x 2 ft. wide (50.8 x 61cm)
  • Other:
  • Top Antennae: 21 3/4 in. long
  • Instrument rods: 35 1/4 in. long

Country of Origin

United States of America

Type

SPACECRAFT-Unmanned

Inventory Number

A19751411001