Pioneer V satellite


Display Status:

This object is on display in the Space Science exhibition at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.

Collection Item Summary:

This is a replica of the Pioneer V satellite. The spacecraft was designed to send back scientific data on interplanetary space while in orbit about the sun. It was launched on March, 11 1960 and entered an orbit around the Sun between the Earth and Venus. Pioneer V provided a wealth of new data on interplanetary space including measurements of magnetic fields, cosmic radiation, electrical fields, and micrometeorites. It transmitted information until June 26, 1960, when it was 22.5 million miles from Earth. The replica was re-assembled by the program coordinator, Space Technology Laboratories Inc., from original parts that failed to meet flight specifications and donated by them in 1964 to the Smithsonian Institution. It was displayed at the Palais de la Decouverte in Paris from October 1970 until October 1975.

Collection Item Long Description:

Inventory Number


Credit Line

Gift of TRW Space Technology Laboratories

Country of Origin

United States of America


Aluminum alloy


  • Overall: 1 ft. 8 in. wide, 40 lb. (50.8cm, 18.1kg)
  • Other (Sphere): 2 ft. 2 in. diameter (66cm)
  • Other (sphere with extended solar panels): 8 ft. diameter (243.8cm)
  • Other (Solar panels): 1 ft. long x 1 ft. 8 in. wide (30.5 x 50.8cm)

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum