Simmons Accessories Inc. Propeller, fixed-pitch, two-blade, wood


Display Status:

This object is not on display at the National Air and Space Museum. It is either on loan or in storage.

Collection Item Summary:

James Lee Simmons began designing, experimenting, and making propellers first at his Washington Aeroplane Company factory located on Water Street in the southwestern area of the district during the 1909-1910 period. This artifact is of a very early vintage, and is fitted with a sprocket attachment for a chain drive. By 1913, the company also manufactured a line of "Columbia" monoplanes, biplanes, and flying boats based on European and American designs.

Like other early aircraft manufacturers, Simmons also fabricated Wright-type propellers for $100 (closer to $2,000 in modern currency) a pair, as well as variations of Chauviére and other French designers in two-, three-, and four-blade configurations.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Restrictions & Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Credit Line

GIft of Mrs. Bernie Golden


Laminated wood, Steel, Museum Varnish, Paint


  • 3-D: 13.2kg (29lb.)
  • Rotor/Propeller: 243.8 × 15.2cm, 13.2kg (8 ft. × 6 in., 29lb.)

Country of Origin

United States of America

Physical Description

  • Type: Two-Blade, Fixed-Pitch, Wood
  • Diameter: 244 cm (96 in.)
  • Chord: 25.4 cm (10 in.)
  • Engine Application: Unknown


PROPULSION-Propellers & Impellers

Inventory Number


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