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Wright Cyclone GR-3350 Radial Engine

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Display Status:

This object is on display in the Boeing Aviation Hangar room at Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, VA.

Wright Cyclone GR-3350 Radial Engine

Collection Item Summary:

The major airframe application of the Wright R-3350 was the Boeing B-29 during World War II. Rushed into service, the engine had many difficulties, initially resulting in many losses from engine fires on takeoff. Typified by this version used in later B 29s such as the Enola Gay, also displayed at the museum, the problem was eventually solved with improvements including replacement of the carburetors with fuel injectors.

The engine was also used on the Martin PB2M Mars flying boat, and other models continued to serve in commercial aviation long after the war. One version was the first of its type to have its exhaust turbines (three of them) geared into the power system. Called the Wright Turbo-Compound Cyclone, it was the last and the most highly developed piston engine to be widely used in large military and commercial airplanes, including the Douglas DC-7 and Lockheed Super Constellation.

Collection Item Long Description:

Data Source

National Air and Space Museum

Rights

Do not reproduce without permission from the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum

Manufacturer

Wright Aeronautical

Credit Line

Found in the collection

Dimensions

Diameter: 141.7 cm (55.78 in.), Length: 193.7 cm (76.26 in.)

See more items in

National Air and Space Museum Collection

Country of Origin

United States of America

Date

1941

Physical Description

  • Type: Reciprocating, 18 cylinders, 2-rows, geared, radial, air-cooled
  • Power rating: 1,641 kW (2,200 hp) at 2,800 rpm
  • Displacement: 54.9 L (3,347 cu in.)
  • Bore and Stroke: 156 mm (6.125 in.) x 160 mm (6.3125 in.)
  • Weight: 1,211 kg (2,670 lb)

Type

PROPULSION-Reciprocating & Rotary

Inventory Number

A19670013000