World War II became the global arena for a titanic struggle for control of the air.
Combat in the air greatly accelerated the development of aeronautical technology and new tactical and strategic roles were found for military aviation. American military aviation alone witnessed tremendous growth, from about 2,500 airplanes to nearly 300,000 by the war's end.
Color photography had only just become widely available when World War II began. Existing color images of the war are not hard to come by, but they are considerably rarer than black and white images. The Musuem recently digitized thousands of color photos from the war. Explore a selection on Flickr.