TIROS Meteorological Satellite

Cylindrical prism covered with solar cells on sides and top and four antennaes on bottom, shown hanging in museum

TIROS (Television Infrared Observation Satellite) I, launched in April 1960, was the world's first weather satellite. TIROS imaged large swaths of the Earth's surface, allowing forecasters and scientists to see directly for the first time the large-scale features of our planet's weather systems. Operating for three months, the satellite transmitted thousands of images of cloud patterns and other phenomena to ground stations.

Created By:

Mark Avino

Date Created:



Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum


Commercial; Earth Observation; Exploration; Records & Firsts; Robots; Satellites; Science; Solar System; Space; Spacecraft

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