Amelia Earhart (1897-1937) in 1928 was the first woman to fly (as a passenger) across the Atlantic, and in 1932 the first woman (and second person, after Charles Lindbergh) to fly solo and nonstop across that ocean. She flew many record flights, published several books, and accomplished much for women in aviation before attempting, on June 1, 1937, an around-the-world flight from Miami, Florida, in a twin-engine Lockheed Electra. She and navigator Frederick J. Noonan were flying from Lae, New Guinea, to Howland Island when they disappeared over the Pacific Ocean on July 2, 1937. An exhaustive sea and air search, ordered by President Franklin Roosevelt, was unsuccessful in locating Earhart and Noonan.
James A. Mollison (1905-1959) was a pilot who set many records either flying alone, or with his wife Amy Johnson. Both Mollison and Johnson also served in the Air Transport Auxiliary during World War II. Flying in his Bellanca 28-90 Flash Dorothy, Mollison set a transatlantic speed record in October 1936.